USA Technologies, Inc.
USA TECHNOLOGIES INC (Form: 10-K, Received: 09/29/2014 16:36:23)



UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-K
   
x
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014
 
OR
   
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from ____________________ to _____________________
 
Commission file number 000-50054
     
 
USA Technologies, Inc.
 
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
             
 
Pennsylvania
     
23-2679963
 
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
100 Deerfield Lane, Suite 140, Malvern, Pennsylvania
     
  19355  
 
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
     
 
(610) 989-0340
 
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
             
 
Title of Each Class
     
Name Of Each Exchange On Which Registered
 
Common Stock, no par value
Series A Convertible Preferred Stock
 
  The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
Yes  o No x
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
Yes  o No x
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes  x No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes  x No o
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer  o Accelerated filer  o Non-accelerated filer  o Smaller reporting company x
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).
Yes  o No x
 
The aggregate market value of the voting common equity securities held by non-affiliates of the Registrant was $61,214,929 as of the last business day of the most recently completed second fiscal quarter, December 31, 2013, based upon the closing price of the Registrant’s Common Stock on that date.
 
As of September 15, 2014, there were 35,603,271 outstanding shares of Common Stock, no par value.
 


 
 

 

 
USA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
 
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SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
This Form 10-K contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, regarding, among other things, the anticipated financial and operating results of the Company. For this purpose, forward-looking statements are any statements contained herein that are not statements of historical fact and include, but are not limited to, those preceded by or that include the words, “estimate,” “could,” “should,” “would,” “likely,” “may,” “will,” “plan,” “intend,” “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “projected,” or similar expressions. Those statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause the actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by the statements. The forward-looking information is based on various factors and was derived using numerous assumptions.
 
Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance, or achievements. Actual results or business conditions may differ materially from those projected or suggested in forward-looking statements as a result of various factors including, but not limited to, those described in the “Risk Factors” section of this Form 10-K. We cannot assure you that we have identified all the factors that create uncertainties. Moreover, new risks emerge from time to time and it is not possible for our management to predict all risks, nor can we assess the impact of all risks on our business or the extent to which any risk, or combination of risks, may cause actual results to differ from those contained in any forward-looking statements. Readers should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements.
 
Any forward-looking statement made by us in this Form 10-K speaks only as of the date of this Form 10-K . Unless required by law, we undertake no obligation to publicly revise any forward-looking statement to reflect circumstances or events after the date of this Form 10-K or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.
 
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USA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
 
PART I
 
I tem 1. Business.
 
OVERVIEW
 
USA Technologies, Inc. (the “Company”, “We”, “USAT”, or “Our”) was incorporated in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in January 1992. We are a provider of technology-enabled solutions and value-added services that facilitate electronic payment transactions primarily within the unattended Point of Sale (“POS”) market. We are a leading provider in the small ticket, beverage and food vending industry and are expanding our solutions and services to other unattended market segments, such as amusement, commercial laundry, kiosk, taxi and others. Since our founding, we have designed and marketed systems and solutions that facilitate electronic payment options, as well as telemetry and machine-to-machine (“M2M”) services, which include the ability to remotely monitor, control, and report on the results of distributed assets containing our electronic payment solutions. Historically, these distributed assets have relied on cash for payment in the form of coins or bills, whereas, our systems allow them to accept cashless payments such as through the use of credit or debit cards or other emerging contactless forms, such as mobile payment.
 
We derive the majority of our revenues from license and transaction fees resulting from connections to, as well as services provided by, our ePort Connect service. Connections to our service stem from the sale or lease of our POS electronic payment devices or certified payment software or the servicing of similar third-party installed POS terminals. The majority of ePort Connect customers pay a monthly fee plus a blended transaction rate on the transaction dollar volume processed by the Company. Connections to the ePort Connect service, therefore, are the most significant driver of the Company’s revenues, particularly revenues from license and transaction fees.
 
As of June 30, 2014, the Company had approximately 266,000 connections to its ePort Connect service, compared to approximately 214,000 connections as of June 30, 2013, representing a 24% increase. During the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014, the Company processed approximately 169 million cashless transactions totaling approximately $294 million in transaction dollars, representing a 31% increase in transaction volume and a 34% increase in dollars processed from the 129 million cashless transactions totaling approximately $219 million during the previous fiscal year ended June 30, 2013.
 
(GRAPH)
 
The above chart shows the increases over the last four fiscal years in the number of connections, revenues and the dollar value of transactions handled by us. The vertical bars depict total revenues, segmented by license and transaction fees and equipment revenues. The solid line depicts the number of connections to our ePort Connect service, as of the end of each of the last four fiscal years, as indicated by the dot at the mid-point on the revenue bar for each year. Similarly, the dollar value of transactions handled by us during each of the last four fiscal years is indicated by the dotted line and the dot at the mid-point on the revenue bar for each year.
 
Our solutions and services have been designed to simplify the transition to cashless for traditionally cash-only based businesses. As such, they are turnkey and include our comprehensive ePort Connect service and POS electronic payment devices or certified payment software, which are able to process traditional magnetic stripe credit and debit cards, contactless credit and debit cards and mobile payments. Standard services through ePort Connect are maintained on our proprietary operating systems and include merchant account setup on behalf of the customer, automatic processing and settlement, sales reporting and 24x7 customer support. Other value-added services that customers can choose from include things such as cashless deployment planning, cashless performance review and prepaid and loyalty products and services. Our solutions also provide flexibility to execute a variety of payment applications on a single system, transaction security, connectivity options, compliance with certification standards, and centralized, accurate, real-time sales and inventory data to manage distributed assets (wireless telemetry and M2M).
 
Our customers range from global food service organizations to small businesses that operate primarily in the self-serve, small ticket retail markets including beverage and food vending, amusement and arcade machines, smartphones via our ePort Mobile™ solution, commercial laundry, tolls, and various other self-serve kiosk applications as well as equipment developers or manufacturers who incorporate our ePort Connect service into their product offerings.
 
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The Company also manufactures and sells energy management products that reduce the electrical power consumption of equipment, such as refrigerated vending machines and glass front coolers, thus reducing the electrical energy costs associated with operating this equipment. We derive equipment revenues through the sale of our energy management products both in the United States and in approximately seven countries worldwide.
 
We believe that we have a history of being a market leader in cashless payments with a recognized brand name, a value-added proposition for our customers and a reputation of innovation in our product and services. We believe that these attributes position us to capitalize on industry trends.
 
THE INDUSTRY
 
We operate primarily in the small ticket electronic payments industry and, more specifically, the unattended POS market. We also have the ability to accept cashless payment “on the go” through mobile-based payment services, which are generally higher ticket transactions. Our solutions and services facilitate electronic payments in industries that have traditionally relied on cash transactions. We believe the following industry trends are driving growth in demand for electronic payment systems in general and more specifically within the markets we serve:
 
 
Ongoing shift toward electronic payment transactions and away from cash and checks;
 
 
Increasing demand for electronic transaction functionality from both consumers and merchant/operators; and
 
 
Improving POS technology and NFC equipped mobile phone payment technology.
 
Shift toward electronic payment transactions and away from cash and checks
 
There has been an ongoing shift away from paper-based methods of payment, including cash and checks, towards electronic-based methods of payment. According to The Nilson Report, December 2012, paper-based methods of payment continued to decline in 2010, representing 38.97% of transaction dollars measured compared to 50.45% in 2005. The four card-based systems—credit, debit, prepaid, and electronic benefits transfer—generated $4.22 trillion in the United States in 2011, 50.6% of transaction dollars measured, compared to 42.3% in 2006. The Nilson Report projects that by 2016 spending at merchants in the U.S., from the four card-based system to grow to $6.5 trillion, or 62.8% of total transaction dollars measured.
 
Increase in Consumer and Merchant/Operator Demand for Electronic Payments
 
Increase in Consumer Demand . The unattended, vending and kiosk POS market has historically been dominated by cash purchases. However, oftentimes, cash purchases at unattended POS locations represent a cumbersome transaction for the consumer because they do not have the correct monetary value (paper or coin), or the consumer does not have the ability to convert their bills into coins. We believe electronic payment system providers such as USA Technologies that can meet consumers’ demand within the unattended market will be able to offer retailers, card associations, card issuers and payment processors and business owners an expanding value proposition at the POS.
 
Increase in Merchant/Operator Demand . We believe that, increasingly, merchants and operators of unattended payment locations (e.g., vending machines, laundry , tabletop games, etc.) are utilizing electronic payment alternatives as a means to improve business results. The Company works with its customers to help them drive increased revenue of their distributed assets through this expanded market opportunity. In addition, electronic payment systems can provide merchants and operators real-time sales and inventory data utilized for back-office reporting and forecasting, like USA Technologies’ solutions and services, helping them to manage their business more efficiently.
 
Increase in Demand for Networked Assets . M2M (machine-to-machine) technology includes capturing value from wireless modules and electronic devices to improve business productivity and customer service. The term M2M describes any kind of 2-way communication system between geographically distributed devices through a centrally managed software application without human intervention and as such, the Company’s integrated POS and ePort Connect remote data management capabilities fall into this category of solution. For example, the Company’s new ePortGO™ solution integrates cashless payment with software and hardware specific to the taxi and for-hire vehicle industry. In addition, networked assets can provide valuable information regarding consumers’ purchasing patterns and payment preferences, allowing operators to more effectively tailor their offerings to consumers. According to a Verizon Wireless 2011 whitepaper (When Machines Talk, Businesses Listen), within ten years, the number of machines that can be connected should exceed sixty billion units. The Company believes that its expertise in integrating cashless payments, its scalable network data capacity, its proven ability to handle high transaction volume , and its high quality and reliable data management capabilities make it well suited for the growing opportunities in the M2M market.
 
POS Technology and NFC Equipped Mobile Phone Payment Improvements
 
Consumer Interest in Mobile Payment.   NFC, or Near Field Communication, is a short range wireless connectivity technology that uses electromagnetic radio fields to enable communication between devices when there is a physical touch, or when they are within close proximity to one another. We believe that   POS terminals contactless enabled to accept NFC payments and digital wallet applications, such as Softcard, Google Wallet, Apple Pay, and others, stand to benefit from these evolving trends in mobile payment. Digital wallet is essentially a digital service, accessed via the web or a mobile phone application that serves as a substitute for the traditional credit or debit card. Providers can also market directly to targeted consumers with coupons and loyalty programs.
 
With over 50% of the Company’s connections contactless enabled to accept NFC payments (in addition to magnetic stripe cards) as of June 30, 2014, we believe that we are well-positioned to benefit from this emerging space.
 
OUR TECHNOLOGY-BASED SOLUTION
 
Our solutions have been designed to be turnkey and includes ePort Connect service, POS electronic payment devices, certified payment software able to process traditional magnetic stripe credit and debit cards, contactless credit and debit cards, and NFC equipped mobile phones that allow consumers to make payments with their cell phones. We believe that our ability to bundle our products and services, as well as the ability to tailor and customize them to individual customer needs, makes it easy and efficient for our customers to adopt and deploy our technology, and results in a service unmatched in the small-ticket, unattended retail market today.
 
The Product . The Company offers its customers several different devices or software to connect their distributed assets. These range from our QuickConnect™ Web service, more fully described below under the section “OUR PRODUCTS”, and encrypted magnetic stripe card readers to our ePort ® hardware that can be attached to the door of a stand-alone terminal.
 
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The Network . Our network is designed to transmit payment information from our customers’ terminals for processing   and sales and diagnostic data for storage and reporting to our customers. Also, the network, through server-based software applications, provides remote management information, and enables control of the networked device’s functionality. Through our network we have the ability to upload software and update devices remotely enabling us to manage the devices easily and efficiently (e.g., change protocol functionality, provide software upgrades, and change terminal display messages).
 
The Connectivity Mediums. The client devices (described above) are interconnected for the transfer of our customers’ data through our ePort Connect network that provides multiple connectivity options such as phone line, ethernet, and wireless. Increased wireless connectivity options, coverage and reliability have allowed us to service a greater number of geographically dispersed customer locations. Additionally, we make it easy for our customers to deploy wireless solutions by acting as a single point of contact. We have contracted with Verizon Wireless and AT&T in the United States and Rogers Wireless in Canada in order to supply our customers with wireless network coverage.
 
Data Security. We are listed on the VISA Global Registry of Service Providers, meaning that VISA has reviewed and accepted our Report on Compliance (RoC) from an authorized Payment Card Industry (“PCI”) assessor as a PCI Level 1 Service Provider. Our entry on this is renewed annually, and our current entry is valid through January 31, 2015. The VISA listing can be found online at http://www.visa.com/splisting/searchGrsp.do
 
OUR SERVICES
 
For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014, license and transaction fees generated by our ePort Connect service represented 84% of the Company’s revenues. Our ePort Connect solution provides customers with all of the following services, under one cohesive service umbrella:
 
 
Diverse POS options. Ability to connect to a broad product line of cashless acceptance devices or software.
 
 
Card Processing Services. Through our existing relationships with card processors and card associations, we provide merchant account and terminal ID set up, pre-negotiated discounted fees on small ticket purchases, and direct electronic funds transfers (EFTs) to our customers’ bank accounts for all settled card transactions as well as ensure compliance with current processing regulations.
 
 
Wireless Connectivity. We manage the wireless account activation, distribution, and the relationship with wireless providers for our customers, if needed.
 
 
Customer/Consumer Services. We support our installed base by providing 24-hour help desk support, repairs, and replacement of impaired system solutions. In addition, all inbound billing inquiries are handled through a 24-hour help desk, thereby eliminating the need for our customers to deal with consumer billing inquiries and potential chargebacks.
 
 
Online Sales Reporting. Via the USALive online reporting system, we provide customers with a host of sales and operational data, including information regarding their credit and cash transactions, user configuration, reporting by machine and region, by date range and transaction type, data reports for operations and finance, graphical reporting of sales, and condition monitoring for equipment service, as well as activation of new devices and redeployments.
 
 
M2M Telemetry and DEX data transfer. DEX, an acronym for digital exchange, is the Vending Industry’s standard way to communicate information such as sales, cash in bill validators, coins in coin boxes, sales of units by selection, pricing, door openings, and much more. USA Technologies is able to remotely transfer and push DEX data to customers’ route management systems through its DEX partner program. USA Technologies operates within the VDI (Vending Data Interchange) standards established by NAMA (National Automatic Merchandising Association) and sends DEX files compatible with most major remote management software systems.
 
 
Over-the-Air Update Capabilities. Automatic over-the-air updates to software, settings, and security protocol from our network to our ePort card reader keep our customers’ hardware up-to-date and enable customers to benefit from any advancement made after their hardware or software purchase.
 
 
Value-added Services. Access to additional services such as MORE , our loyalty and prepaid program, two-tier pricing, special promotions such our nationwide Softcard mobile payment and loyalty promotion for vending customers, as well as a menu of hardware purchasing options including JumpStart, our terminal-included service option.
 
 
Deployment Planning. Access to services to help operators successfully deploy cashless payment systems and integrated solutions that is based on our extensive market and customer experience data.
 
We enter into a processing and licensing agreement, or ePort Connect Services Agreement, with our customers pursuant to which we act as a provider of cashless financial services for the customer’s distributed asset, and the customer agrees to pay us an activation fee, monthly service fees, and transaction processing fees. Our agreements are generally cancelable by the customer upon thirty to sixty days’ notice to us. It typically takes thirty to sixty days for a new connection to begin contributing to the Company’s license and transaction fee revenues.
 
The Company counts its ePort connections upon shipment of an active terminal to a customer under contract, at which time activation on its network is performed by the Company, and the terminal is capable of conducting business via the Company’s network and related services. An ePort connection does not necessarily mean that the unit is actually installed by the customer on a machine, or that the unit has begun processing transactions, or that the Company has begun receiving monthly service fees in connection with the unit. Rather, at the time of shipment of the ePort, the customer becomes obligated to pay the one-time activation fee, and is obligated to pay monthly service fees in accordance with the terms of the customer’s contract with the Company.
 
OUR PRODUCTS
 
ePort is the Company’s core device, which is currently being utilized in self-service, unattended markets such as vending, amusement and arcade, and various other kiosk applications. Our ePort product facilitates cashless payments by capturing payment information and transmitting it to our network for authorization with the payment system (e.g., credit card processors). Additional capabilities of our ePort consist of control/access management by authorized users, collection of audit information (e.g., date and time of sale and sales amount), diagnostic information of the host equipment, and transmission of this data back to our network for web-based reporting, or to a compatible remote management system. Our ePort products are available in several distinctive modular configurations, and as hardware, software or as an API Web service, offering our customers flexibility to install a POS solution that best fits their needs and customer demands.
 
●    
ePort Edge™ is a one-piece design and is intended for those customers who require a magnetic swipe-only cashless system with basic features at a lower price point.
 
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●    
ePort G-8 is a PCI compliant two-piece design that supports traditional magnetic stripe credit/debit cards and contactless cards. The ePort G8 telemeter is also available as a stand-alone DEX telemetry solution.
●    
ePort G-9 was introduced in Fiscal 2013 and became available to the market in the latter part of our second quarter of Fiscal 2014. It has been designed to offer all the features of the G-8 plus additional new features that support expanded acceptance options, consumer engagement offerings and advanced diagnostics.
●    
QuickConnect is a Web service that allows a client application to securely interface with the Company’s ePort Connect service. QuickConnect essentially replaces ePort SDK (software development kit), which captured our ePort technology in software form for PC-based devices such as kiosks.
 
Other forms of our ePort technology include:
 
●    
eSuds, our solution developed for the commercial laundry industry that enables laundry operators to provide customers cashless transactions via the use of their credit cards, debit cards and other payment mediums such as student IDs. Effective with the April 2013 mutually exclusive agreement with Setomatic Systems, we are no longer selling the entire eSuds solution to new customers, but we continue to provide processing services for laundry machines equipped with cashless hardware supplied by Setomatics Systems.
●    
ePort Mobile is a mobile acceptance solution for credit and debit cards that is supported by USAT’s ePort Connect service. ePort Mobile is available as a download from the iTunes and Google Play Store and is also available as an All-In-One solution that includes the phone and data plan.
●    
ePortGO was introduced in August 2013. ePortGO integrates our ePort Mobile solution and ePort Connect service with software developed by eTaxi USA, LLC, to address the opportunities for streamlined business process and credit and debit card acceptance in the taxi and for-hire vehicle market.
 
Energy Management Products . Our Company offers energy conservation products (“Energy Misers®”) that reduce the electrical power consumption of various types of existing equipment, such as vending machines, glass front coolers and other “always-on” appliances by allowing the equipment to selectively operate in a power saving mode when the full power mode is not necessary. Each of the Company’s Energy Miser products utilizes occupancy sensing technology to determine when the surrounding area is vacant or occupied. The Energy Miser then utilizes occupancy data, product temperatures, and an energy saving algorithm to selectively control certain high-energy components (e.g., compressor and fan) to realize electrical power savings over the long-term use of the equipment. Customers of our Vending Miser® product benefit from reduced energy consumption costs, depending on regional energy costs, machine type, and utilization of the machine. Our Energy Misers also reduce the overall stress loads on the equipment, helping to reduce associated maintenance costs. Energy Miser products are not currently networked to our ePort Connect service.
 
SPECIFIC MARKETS WE SERVE
 
Our current customers are primarily in the self-serve, small ticket retail markets including beverage and food vending and kiosk, commercial laundry, car wash, tolls, amusement and gaming, and office coffee. While these industry sectors represent only a small fraction of our total market potential, as described below, these are the areas where we have gained the most traction to date. In addition to being our current primary markets, we believe these sectors serve as a proof-of-concept for other unattended POS industry applications.
 
Vending. According to Vending Times’ 2012 Census of the Industry, annual U.S. sales in the vending industry sector were estimated to be approximately $43 billion in 2011 transacted by over 6 million machines. The Company believes these machines represent a significant market opportunity for electronic payment conversion when compared to the Company’s existing ePort Connect service base and the overall low rate of industry adoption to date. For example, in another study conducted by Automatic Merchandiser (State of the Vending Industry, June 2013) that included a representative 5.4 million machines, cashless adoption was projected at only 7% in 2012, up from 4% in 2011. The increase was attributed to higher product price points, increased acceptance of debit and credit in retail for smaller purchases, Gen X and Y/millennials joining the workforce to become vending consumers and the growing research about how cashless payment systems can increase sales. With the continued shift to electronic payments and the advancement in mobile and POS technology, we believe that the traditional beverage and food vending industry will continue to look to cashless payments and telemetry systems to improve their business results.
 
Kiosk . According to IHL Consulting Group’s August 2012 North American Self-Service Kiosks Market Study, which defines, for purposes of their study, a kiosk as a self-standing, technology-based, unmanned device deployed across six retail and hospitality environments, approximately $926 billion will be transacted through self-service kiosks in 2013, with compound annual growth for the subsequent three years of seven percent (7%). We believe that kiosks are becoming increasingly popular as credit, debit or contactless payment options enable kiosks to sell an increased variety of items. In addition, the study points to the increasing trend toward self-sufficiency, where time is the most important commodity of the consumer. As merchants continue to seek new ways to reach their customers through kiosk applications, we believe the need for a reliable cashless payment provider experienced with machine integration, PCI compliance and cashless payment services designed specifically for the unattended market will be of increasing value in this market. Our existing kiosk customers integrate with our cashless payment services via our QuickConnect Web service using one of our encrypted readers or ePort POS technologies.
 
Laundry . Our primary targets in laundry consist of the coin-operated commercial laundry and multi-housing laundry markets. According to the Coin Laundry Association, the U.S. commercial laundry industry is comprised of 30,000-35,000 laundromats that our partner, Setomatic Systems, estimates translates to roughly 2.5 million commercial washers and dryers. Additionally, an industry participant indicates there are approximately 3.4 million machines in the multi-housing market. While no revenue figures are available for the multi-housing market, the Coin Laundry Association estimates gross revenue in the laundromat market at nearly $5 billion annually.
 
Mobile Merchant. New mobile-based payment acceptance technology has made a transformational impact on an entire base of merchants that previously had almost no access to electronic-based payments. Goldman Sachs (Equity Research Report, June 19, 2012) sees the arrival of mobile technology at the micro/small merchant level addressing an estimated 13 million U.S.-based micro merchants that are likely to benefit from the ability to accept electronic payment from mobile devices. The Company believes that its mobile-based acceptance product and existing turnkey service platform align well with the market’s need for integrated, mobile payment solutions. For example, ePortGO™ demonstrates how we have utilized ePort Mobile to address the specific needs of customers in the taxi and for-hire vehicle industry. According to IBISWorld website, estimated revenues in the taxi and for-hire vehicle industry are $11 billion in the U.S. According to the Taxicab, Limousine and Paratransit Association website, there are approximately 12,400 limousine companies operating 126,000 vehicles and approximately 6,300 companies operating 171,000 taxicabs throughout the United States. Municipalities such as New York City and Washington D.C. have recently been mandating the use of in-vehicle credit/debit card acceptance and navigation features in taxis.
 
OUR COMPETITIVE STRENGTHS
 
We believe that we benefit from a number of advantages gained through our over twenty year history in our industry. They include:
 
1.
One-Stop Shop, End-to-End Solution. We believe that our ability to offer our customers one point of contact through a bundled cashless payment solution makes it easy and efficient for our customers to adopt and deploy our electronic payment solutions and results in a service that is unmatched in the small ticket, self-service retail market today. To our knowledge, other cashless payment solutions available in the market today require the operator to set up their own accounts for cashless processing and manage multiple service providers (i.e., hardware terminal manufacturer, wireless network provider, and/or credit card processor). We interface directly with our card processor and wireless service provider, and with our hardware solutions are able to offer a bundled solution to our customers.
 
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2.
Trusted Brand Name. We believe that the ePort and Energy Miser brands have a strong national reputation for quality, reliability, and innovation. We believe that card associations, payment processors, and merchants/operators trust our system solutions and services to handle financial transactions in a secure operating environment. Our trusted brand name is best exemplified by our high level of customer retention, over two dozen exclusive three-year agreements with customers for use of our ePort Connect service. We have agreements with partners like Visa and Verizon Wireless as well as several one-way exclusive relationships which we have solidified with leading organizations within the unattended POS industry, including Setomatic Systems, AMI Entertainment Network, Inc., Innovative Foto, and Air-Serv.
 
3.
Market Leadership. We believe we have the largest installed base of unattended POS electronic payment systems in the unattended small-ticket retail market for food and beverage vending and we are continuing to expand to other adjacent markets such as laundry, taxi, amusement and gaming and kiosks. As of June 30, 2014, we had approximately 266,000 connections to our network. Our installed base supports our sales and marketing initiatives by enhancing our ability to establish or expand our market position. Finally, we believe our installed base provides multiple opportunities for referrals for new business, either from the merchant or operator of the deployed asset or through one of our several strategic relationships.
 
4.
Attractive Value Proposition for Our Customers . We believe that our solutions provide our customers an attractive value proposition. Our solutions and services make possible increased purchases by consumers who in the past were limited to the physical cash on hand while making a purchase at an unattended terminal, thereby increasing the universe of potential customers and the buying activity of those customers. In addition, value-added offerings and services such as Two-Tier Pricing, which allows the operator to charge different amounts for the same product depending upon how the consumer choices to pay, and M2M telemetry provide operators with the ability to pursue additional opportunities to reduce costs and improve operating efficiencies. Lastly, new consumer engagement services further extend the potential for customers to build new revenue opportunities, customer loyalty and brand distinction.
 
5.
Increasing Scale and Financial Stability. Due to the continued growth in connections to the Company’s ePort Connect service, during the 2014 fiscal year, 84% of the Company’s revenues were from licensing and processing fees which are recurring in nature. We believe that this growing scale provides us improved financial stability and the footprint to market and distribute our products and services more effectively and in more markets than most of our competitors.
 
6.
Customer-Focused Research and Development. Our research and development initiatives focus primarily on adding features and functionality to our electronic payment solutions based on customer input and emerging market trends. Since we began operations in 1992 and through June 30, 2014 , we have been granted 87 patents (US and International) and currently have 10 patent applications pending. We have generated considerable intellectual property and know-how associated with creating a seamless, end-to-end experience for our customers.
 
OUR GROWTH OPPORTUNITY
 
Our primary objective is to continue to enhance our position as a leading provider of technology that enables electronic payment transactions and value-added services primarily at small-ticket, self-service retail locations such as vending, kiosks, commercial laundry, and other similar markets. The Company believes its service-approach business model can create a high-margin stream of recurring revenues that could create a foundation for long-term value and continued growth. K ey elements of our strategy are to:
 
Drive Growth in Connections
 
Leverage Existing Customers/Partners. We have a solid base of key customers across multiple markets, particularly in vending, that have currently deployed our solutions and services to just a small portion of their deployed base. As a result, they are a key component of our plan to drive future sales. We have worked to build these relationships, drive future deployments, and develop customized network interfaces. Our customers have seen the benefits of our products and services first-hand and we believe they represent the largest opportunity to scale connections to our service.
 
Expand Distribution and Sales Reach. We are intently focused on driving profitable growth through efficient sales channels. Added sales resources and new distribution relationships have led to approximately 2,250 new ePort Connect customers as well as increased penetration in markets such as amusement and arcade, and commercial laundry in fiscal year 2014.
 
Further Penetrate Attractive Adjacent Markets. We plan to continue to introduce our turnkey solutions and services to various adjacent markets such as the broad-based kiosk market and other similar markets by leveraging our expertise in cashless payment integration combined with the capacity and uniqueness of our ePort Connect solution.
 
Capitalize on Opportunities in International Markets . We are currently focused on the U.S. and Canadian markets for our ePort devices and related ePort Connect service but may seek to establish a presence in electronic payment markets in Europe, Asia, and Latin America. In order to do so, however, we would have to invest in additional sales and marketing and research and development resources targeted towards these regions. At this time, the Company believes the most efficient route to these markets will be achieved by optimizing and coordinating opportunities with its global partners and customers. Our energy management devices have been shipped to customers located in North America, Europe, and Asia.
 
Expanding the Value of our Service
 
Capitalize on the emerging NFC and growing mobile payments trends. With over 50% of our connected base contactless enabled to accept NFC payments (including mobile wallets), the Company believes that continued increases in consumer preferences towards contactless payments represents a significant opportunity for the Company to further drive adoption.
 
Continuous Innovation. We are continuously enhancing our solutions and services in order to satisfy our customers and the end-consumers relying on our products at the POS locations. Our product innovation team is always working to enhance the design, size, and speed of data transmission, as well as security and compatibility with other electronic payment solution providers’ technologies. We believe our continued innovation will lead to further adoption of USAT’s solutions and services in the unattended POS payments market.
 
Leverage Intellectual Property . Through June 30, 2014, we have been granted 87 patents which contain various claims, including claims relating to payment processing, networking and energy management devices. In addition, we own numerous trademarks, copyrights, and trade secrets. We will continue to explore ways to leverage this intellectual property in order to add value for our customers, attain an increased share of the market, and possibly generate licensing revenues.
 
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SALES AND MARKETING
 
The Company’s sales strategy includes both direct sales and channel development, depending on the particular dynamics of each of our markets. Our marketing strategy is diversified and includes media relations, direct mail, conferences, and client referrals. As of August 31, 2014, the Company was marketing and selling its products through its full and part-time sales staff consisting of nineteen people.
 
Direct Sales
 
Our direct sales efforts are currently primarily focused on the beverage and food vending industry, although we continue to further develop our presence in our ancillary market segments.
 
Indirect Sales/ Distribution
 
As part of our strategy to expand our sales reach while optimizing resources, we also have agreements with select resellers in the car wash, amusement and arcade, and vending markets. We also have a strategic marketing relationship in the commercial laundry market that makes the Company the exclusive service provider to Setomatic Systems’ POS offering, SpyderWash. We have also entered into agreements with resellers and distributors in connection with our energy management products.
 
Marketing
 
Our marketing strategy includes advertising and outreach initiatives designed to build brand awareness, make clear USAT’s competitive strengths, and prove the value of our services to our target markets-both for existing and prospective customers. Activities include creating company and product presence on the web including www.usatech.com and www.energymisers.com, digital advertising, SEO (Search Engine Optimization), and social media; the use of direct mail and email campaigns; educational and instructional online training sessions; advertising in vertically-oriented trade publications; participating in industry tradeshows and events; and working closely with customers and key strategic partners on co-marketing opportunities and new, innovative solutions that drive customer and consumer adoption of our services.
 
IMPORTANT RELATIONSHIPS
 
Verizon Wireless
 
In April 2011, we signed an agreement with Verizon for access to their digital wireless wide area network for the transport of data, including credit card transactions and inventory management data. The initial term of the agreement is three years, expiring April 2014. In August 2013, we signed an amendment to this agreement which extended the term until April 2016. At the end of the term, the agreement automatically renews for successive one month periods unless terminated by either party upon thirty days’ notice.
 
On September 21, 2011, the Company and Verizon entered into a Joint Marketing Addendum (the “Verizon Agreement”) which amended the agreement described above. Pursuant to the Verizon Agreement, the Company and Verizon would work together to help identify business opportunities for the Company’s products and services. Verizon may introduce the Company to existing or potential Verizon customers that Verizon believes are potential purchasers of the Company’s products or services, and may attend sales calls with the Company made to these customers. The Company and Verizon would collaborate on marketing and communications materials that would be used by each of them to educate and inform customers regarding their joint marketing work. Verizon has the right to list the Company’s products and services in its Data Solutions Guide for use by its sales and marketing employees and in its external website. The Company has agreed to pay to Verizon a one-time referral fee for each customer introduced to the Company by Verizon that becomes a customer of the Company. The Verizon Marketing Agreement is terminable by either party upon 45 days’ notice.
 
VISA
 
As of October 12, 2011, following implementation of the Durbin Amendment, we entered into a one-year agreement with VISA to establish a new, fixed debit interchange rate. On October 8, 2012, we entered into a first amendment pursuant to which the original one-year term was extended until October 31, 2013, and further automatically renewed for an additional year, or until October 31, 2014.
 
Compass/Foodbuy
 
As per its website, Compass is a $12 billion organization with locations worldwide, is the leader in vending, food service management and support services, is the largest national vending operating company, has over 500,000 associations, and is one of the leading owners and operators of vending machines in the United States. Compass is a division of UK-based Compass Group PLC.
 
On June 30, 2009, we entered into a Master Purchase Agreement (“MPA”) with Foodbuy, LLC (“Foodbuy”), the procurement company for Compass Group USA, Inc. (“Compass”) and other customers. The MPA provides, among other things, that for a period of thirty-six months, Foodbuy on behalf of Compass shall utilize USAT as the sole credit or debit card vending system hardware and related software and connect services provider for not less than seventy-five percent of the vending machines of Compass utilizing cashless payments solutions. The MPA also provides that for a period of thirty-six months from the effective date of the agreement, USAT shall be a preferred supplier and provider to Foodbuy and its customers, including Compass, of USAT’s products and services. The MPA automatically renews for successive one-year periods unless terminated by either party upon sixty days’ notice prior to the end of any such one year renewal period. On July 1, 2009, USAT and Compass, in conjunction with the MPA described above, entered into a Quick Start Master Lease Agreement pursuant to which Compass could purchase ePort devices utilizing USAT’s Quick Start Program. The Quick Start Program enables Compass to acquire USAT’s ePort devices through a 36 month non-cancellable lease. Under the Quick Start Program, Compass will pay USAT a monthly amount, per terminal, that includes the lease of the ePort hardware and activation fee. Compass would be able to utilize the Quick Start Program to acquire ePorts during the three year term of the Master Purchase Agreement referred to above. In addition, on July 1, 2009, USAT and Compass, in conjunction with the MPA described above, also entered into a three year ePort Connect Services Agreement pursuant to which USAT will provide Compass with all card processing, data, network, communications and financial services, and DEX telemetry data services required in connection with all Compass vending machines utilizing ePorts. The agreement automatically renews for successive one year periods unless terminated by either party upon sixty days’ notice prior to the end of any such one year renewal period. During the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014, Foodbuy and its customers, including Compass, represented 23% of our total revenues.
 
AMI Entertainment
 
On August 22, 2011, we entered into an exclusive three-year agreement with AMI Entertainment (“AMI”) as their exclusive processor of credit and debit cards and other electronic payments in connection with equipment operated on AMI’s network in the U.S. and Canada. The agreement is subject to renewal for one year periods thereafter, subject to notice of non-renewal by either party; the agreement renewed for one year in August 2014. AMI manufactures various types of amusement, entertainment and music equipment for sale to third party users.
 
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Setomatic Systems
 
In April 2013, we entered into an three-year exclusive agreement with Setomatic Systems (“Setomatic”), a privately owned and operated developer and manufacturer of both open and closed loop card payment systems, drop coin meters and electronic timers for the commercial laundry industry. Under the terms of the agreement, the Company, through our ePort Connect® service, will act as the exclusive service provider for all credit/debit card processing for all new customers of Setomatic’s SpyderWash, a credit/debit card acceptance product. Similarly, the Company will market its ePort Connect service in the United States laundry market exclusively through Setomatic.
 
Softcard
 
During Fiscal 2013, the Company entered into a strategic marketing agreement with Softcard (formerly known as ISIS) , a mobile commerce joint venture comprised of the three major telecommunication companies; Verizon Wireless, AT&T Mobility and T-Mobile USA. As part of the agreement, the Company was a participant in the Softcard Mobile Wallet in their two launch markets, Austin and Salt Lake City, during Fiscal 2013 for which it received financial and marketing support from Softcard. In addition, in April 2013, the Company announced, with Softcard, what we believe is the largest nationwide loyalty program in vending. The promotion is designed to allow any of our vending customers nationwide the ability to participate in Softcard Mobile Wallet payment and loyalty rewards program, provided that their locations are enabled for Softcard SmartTap technology for loyalty tracking. Consumers using the Softcard Mobile Wallet at one of these terminals would be eligible to receive their fifth vend free. Under the terms of the agreement covering the promotion, Softcard, through the Company, would essentially reimburse our vending customers for that free vend.
 
JUMP START PROGRAM
 
In order to accelerate adoption in the marketplace as well as increase the Company’s license and transaction fee revenues, the Company commenced a program for its customers referred to as the JumpStart Program (“JumpStart”) in December 2009. Pursuant to the JumpStart Program, customers acquire the ePort cashless device at no upfront cost by paying a higher monthly service fee, avoiding the need to make a major upfront capital investment. The Company would continue to own the ePort device utilized by its customer. At the time of the shipment of the ePort device, the customer is obligated to pay to the Company a one-time activation fee, and is later obligated to pay monthly ePort Connect service fees in accordance with the terms of the customer’s contract with the Company, in addition to transaction processing fees generated from the device.
 
In fiscal 2014, the Company added approximately 60% of its gross connections through JumpStart. The Company anticipates using the JumpStart Program for a similar approximately 60% to 65% of its anticipated new connections in Fiscal 2015.
 
MANUFACTURING
 
The Company utilizes independent third party companies for the manufacturing of its products. Our internal manufacturing process mainly consists of quality assurance of materials and testing of finished goods received from our contract manufacturers. We have not entered into a long-term contract with our contract manufacturers, nor have we agreed to commit to purchase certain quantities of materials or finished goods from our manufacturers beyond those submitted under routine purchase orders, typically covering short-term forecasts.
 
COMPETITION
 
We are a leading provider and believe we have the largest installed base of unattended POS electronic payment systems in the small ticket, beverage and food vending industry. Factors that we consider to be our competitive advantages are described above under “OUR COMPETITIVE STRENGTHS.” Our competitors are increasingly and actively marketing  products and services that compete with our products and services in the vending space including manufacturers who may include in their new vending machines their own (or another third party’s) cashless payment systems and services. These major competitors include Crane Payment Innovations , Coin Acceptors Inc. (Coinco), Cantaloupe Systems, Inc. and Coca-Cola Refreshments USA, Inc. While we believe our products and services are superior to our competitors’, many of our competitors are much larger enterprises and have substantially greater revenues. In addition to these competitors, there are also numerous credit card processors that offer card processing services to traditional retail establishments that could decide to offer similar services to the industries that we serve.
 
In the cashless laundry market, our joint solution with Setomatic Systems competes with hardware manufacturers, who provide joint solutions to their customers in partnership with payment processors, and with at least one competitor who provides an integrated hardware and payment processing solution.
 
CUSTOMER CONCENTRATIONS
 
Financial instruments that subject the Company to a concentration of credit risk consist principally of cash and cash equivalents and accounts and finance receivables. The Company maintains cash and cash equivalents with various financial institutions. Approximately 22% and 41% of the Company’s trade accounts and finance receivables at June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively, were concentrated with one customer. Approximately 26%, 37%, and 43% of the Company’s license and transaction processing revenues for the years ended June 30, 2014, 2013, and 2012, respectively, were concentrated with one and two customer(s), respectively: 26%, 26%, and 25%, respectively for each year, with one; and 11%, and 18%, for the years ended June 30, 2013, and 2012, respectively, with another. There was no concentration of equipment sales revenue for the years ended June 30, 2014, 2013, and 2012. The Company’s customers are principally located in the United States.
 
TRADEMARKS, PROPRIETARY INFORMATION, AND PATENTS
 
The Company owns US federal registrations for the following trademarks and service marks: Blue Light Sequence®, Business Express®, CM2iQ®, Creating Value Through Innovation®, EnergyMiser®, ePort®, ePort Connect®, ePort Edge®, ePort GO®, ePort Mobile®, eSuds®, Intelligent Vending®, PC Express®, Public PC®, SnackMiser®, TransAct®, USA Technologies® USALive®, VendingMiser®, and VM2iQ®. The Company owns pending applications for US federal registration of the following trademarks and service marks: Horizontal Blue Light Sequence™and QuickConnect™.
 
Much of the technology developed or to be developed by the Company is subject to trade secret protection. To reduce the risk of loss of trade secret protection through disclosure, the Company has entered into confidentiality agreements with its key employees. There can be no assurance that the Company will be successful in maintaining such trade secret protection, that they will be recognized as trade secrets by a court of law, or that others will not capitalize on certain aspects of the Company’s technology.
 
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Through June 30, 2014, 87 patents have been granted to the Company, including 74 United States patents and 13 foreign patents, and 7 United States and 3 foreign patent applications are pending. Of the 87 patents, 79 are still in force .
 
The Company filed for re-examination of U.S. Patent No. 7,131,575 (Reexamination Control No. 90/008,437) and for reexamination of U.S. Patent No. 6,505,095 (Reexamination Control No. 90/008,448). On January 6, 2009, the U.S. Patent Office issued an Ex Parte Reexamination Certificate in connection with U.S. Patent No. 7,131,575 confirming patentability without any amendment to the claims. On August 11, 2009, the U.S. Patent Office issued an Ex Parte Reexamination Certificate in connection with U.S. Patent No. 6,505,095 which, among other things, approved amendments to certain of the prior claims and approved twelve new claims, for a total of 43 claims.
 
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
 
Research and development expenses, which are included in selling, general and administrative expense in the Consolidated Statements of Operations, were approximately $1,018,000, $901,000, and $1,038,000, for the years ended June 30, 2014, 2013, and 2012, respectively.
 
EMPLOYEES
 
On August 31, 2014, the Company had fifty-six full-time employees and five part-time employees.
 
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Item 1A. Risk Factors.
 
Risks Relating to Our Business
 
We have a history of losses since inception and if we continue to incur losses, the price of our shares can be expected to fall.
 
We experienced losses from inception through June 30, 2012, with net income for the year ended June 30, 2013 and June 30, 2014. However, continued profitability is not assured. From our inception through June 30, 2014, our cumulative losses from operations are approximately $171 million. For our fiscal year ended June 30, 2012, we incurred a net loss of $5,211,238, due primarily to the fact that our revenues had not been sufficient to sustain our operations. Until the Company’s products and services can generate sufficient annual revenues, the Company will be required to use its cash and cash equivalents on hand, its line of credit, and may raise capital to meet its cash flow requirements including the issuance of Common Stock or debt financing. For the year ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, we earned net income of $27,530,652, which includes a benefit for income taxes of $2 7 , 255 , 398   and $854,123, respectively. If we incur losses in the future, the price of our common stock can be expected to fall.
 
The occurrence of unusual or unanticipated non-operational expenses may require us to divert our cash resources from achieving our business plan, adversely affecting our financial performance and resulting in the decline of our stock price.
 
Our fiscal year 2015 business plan assumes that no material unusual or unanticipated non-operational expenses would be incurred by us. In the event we would incur any such expenses, we would anticipate diverting our cash resources from our JumpStart program in order to fund any such expenses. During the fiscal year ending June 30, 2015, we anticipate utilizing substantial cash resources in connection with the JumpStart program. Any such reduction may cause our anticipated connections, revenues, gross profits, adjusted EBITDA, and other financial metrics for the 2015 fiscal year and beyond to be materially adversely affected. In such event, the price of our common stock could be expected to fall.
 
We may require additional financing or find it necessary to raise capital to sustain our operations and without it we may not be able to achieve our business plan.
 
At June 30, 2014, we had working capital deficit of $611,010. We had operating cash flows of $7,085,400, $6,038,952, and $78,236, for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2014, 2013, and 2012, respectively. The foregoing does not reflect, and is not sufficient to pay for, our investments in the JumpStart Program of $10.9 million, $9 million and $5.8 million incurred during the fiscal years 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Although we believe that we have adequate existing resources to provide for our funding requirements through at least July 1, 2015, there can be no assurances that we will be able to continue to generate sufficient funds thereafter. Unless we maintain or grow our current level of operations and maintain or reduce the number of JumpStart connections, we may need additional funds to continue these operations. We may also need additional capital to update our technology or respond to unusual or unanticipated non-operational events. Should the financing we require to sustain our working capital needs be unavailable or prohibitively expensive when we require it, the consequences could be a material adverse effect on our business, operating results, financial condition and prospects.
 
Our future operating results may fluctuate.
 
Our future operating results will depend significantly on our ability to continue to drive revenues from license and transaction fees and our ability to develop and commercialize new products and services. Our operating results may fluctuate based upon many factors, including:
 
●    
fluctuations in revenue generated by our business;
●    
fluctuations in operating expenses;
●    
our ability to establish or maintain effective relationships with significant partners and suppliers on acceptable terms;
●    
the amount of debit or credit card interchange rates that are charged by Visa and Mastercard;
●    
the fees that we charge our customers for processing services;
●    
the successful operation of our network;
●    
the commercial success of our customers, which could be affected by such factors as general economic conditions;
●    
the level of product and price competition;
●    
the timing and cost of, and our ability to develop and successfully commercialize, new or enhanced products and services;
●    
activities of, and acquisitions or announcements by, competitors;
●    
the impact from any impairment of inventory, goodwill, fixed assets or intangibles;
●    
the ability to increase the number of customer connections to our network;
●    
marketing programs which delay realization by us of monthly service fees on our new connections ;
●    
t he material breach of security of any of the Company’s systems or third party systems utilized by the Company; and
    
t he anticipation of and response to technological changes, including mobile commerce.
 
Our products may fail to gain substantial increased market acceptance. As a result, we may not generate sufficient revenues or profit margins to achieve our financial objectives or growth plans.
 
There can be no assurances that demand for our products will be sufficient to enable us to generate sufficient revenue or become profitable on a sustainable basis. Likewise, no assurance can be given that we will be able to have a sufficient number of ePorts ® connected to our network or sell equipment utilizing our network to enough locations to achieve significant revenues. Alternatively, the locations which utilize the network may not be successful locations and our revenues would be adversely affected. We may lose locations utilizing our products to competitors, or may not be able to install our products at competitors’ locations, or may not obtain future locations which would be obtained by our competitors. In addition, there can be no assurance that our products could evolve or be improved to meet the future needs of the marketplace. In any such event we may not be able to achieve our growth plans, including anticipated connections and revenue growth.
 
We may be required to incur further debt to meet future capital requirements of our business, including funding our JumpStart program. Should we be required to incur additional debt, the restrictions imposed by the terms of such debt could adversely affect our financial condition and our ability to respond to changes in our business.
 
If we incur additional debt, we may be subject to the following risks:
 
 
our vulnerability to adverse economic conditions and competitive pressures may be heightened;
 
 
our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and industry may be limited;
 
 
our debt covenants may affect our flexibility in planning for, and reacting to, changes in the economy and in our industry;
 
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a high level of debt may place us at a competitive disadvantage compared to our competitors that are less leveraged and therefore, may be able to take advantage of opportunities that our indebtedness would prevent us from pursuing;
 
 
the covenants contained in the agreements governing our outstanding indebtedness may limit our ability to borrow additional funds, dispose of assets and make certain investments;
 
 
a significant portion of our cash flows could be used to service our indebtedness;
 
 
we may be sensitive to fluctuations in interest rates if any of our debt obligations are subject to variable interest rates; and
 
 
our ability to obtain additional financing in the future for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, general corporate purposes or other purposes may be impaired.
 
We cannot assure you that our leverage and such restrictions will not materially and adversely affect our ability to finance our future operations or capital needs or to engage in other business activities. In addition, we cannot assure you that additional financing will be available when required or, if available, will be on terms satisfactory to us.
 
The loss of one or more of our key customers could significantly reduce our revenues, results of operations, and net income.
 
We have derived, and believe we may continue to derive, a significant portion of our revenues from one large customer or a limited number of large customers. Approximately 22% and 41% of the Company’s trade accounts and finance receivables at June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively, were concentrated with one customer. Approximately 26%, 37%, and 43% of the Company’s license and transaction processing revenues for the years ended June 30, 2014, 2013, and 2012, respectively, were concentrated with one and two customer(s), respectively: 26%, 26%, and 25%, respectively for each year, with one; and 11%, and 18%, for the years ended June 30, 2013, and 2012, respectively, with another. There was no concentration of equipment sales revenue for the years ended June 30, 2014, 2013, and 2012.
 
Our customers may buy less of our products or services depending on their own technological developments, end-user demand for our products and internal budget cycles. A major customer in one year may not purchase any of our products or services in another year, which may negatively affect our financial performance. If we are required to sell products to any of our large customers at reduced prices or unfavorable terms, our results of operations and revenue could be materially adversely affected. Further, there is no assurance that our customers will continue to utilize our transaction processing and related services as our customer agreements are generally cancelable by the customer on thirty to sixty days’ notice.
 
We depend on our key personnel and if they would leave us, our business could be adversely affected .
 
We are dependent on key management personnel, particularly the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Stephen P. Herbert and our Chief Financial Officer, David DeMedio. The loss of services of Mr. Herbert or Mr. DeMedio or other officers could dramatically affect our business prospects. Our executive officers and certain of our officers and employees are particularly valuable to us because:
 
 
they have specialized knowledge about our company and operations;
 
 
they have specialized skills that are important to our operations; or
 
 
they would be particularly difficult to replace.
 
We have entered into an employment agreement with Mr. Herbert that expires on January 1, 2015 and with Mr. DeMedio which expires on June 30, 2015, each of which contains confidentiality and non-compete agreements.
 
We also may be unable to retain other existing senior management, sales personnel, and development and engineering personnel critical to our ability to execute our business plan, which could result in harm to key customer relationships, loss of key information, expertise or know-how and unanticipated recruitment and training costs.
 
Our dependence on proprietary technology and limited ability to protect our intellectual property may adversely affect our ability to compete.
 
Challenge to our ownership of our intellectual property could materially damage our business prospects. Our technology may infringe upon the proprietary rights of others. Our ability to execute our business plan is dependent, in part, on our ability to obtain patent protection for our proprietary products, maintain trade secret protection and operate without infringing the proprietary rights of others.
 
Through June 30, 2014, we had 10 pending United States and foreign patent applications, and will consider filing applications for additional patents covering aspects of our future developments , although there can be no assurance that we will do so. In addition, there can be no assurance that we will maintain or prosecute these applications. The United States Government and other countries have granted us 87 patents as of June 30, 2014. There can be no assurance that:
 
 
any of the remaining patent applications will be granted to us;
 
 
we will develop additional products that are patentable or do not infringe the patents of others;
 
 
any patents issued to us will provide us with any competitive advantages or adequate protection for our products;
 
 
any patents issued to us will not be challenged, invalidated or circumvented by others; or
 
 
any of our products would not infringe the patents of others.
 
If any of our products or services is found to have infringed any patent, there can be no assurance that we will be able to obtain licenses to continue to manufacture , use, sell, and license such product or service or that we will not have to pay damages and/or be enjoined as a result of such infringement. Even if a patent application is granted for any of our products, there can be no assurance that the patented technology will be a commercial success or result in any profits to us.
 
If we are unable to adequately protect our proprietary technology or fail to enforce or prosecute our patents against others, third parties may be able to compete more effectively against us, which could result in the loss of customers and our business being adversely affected. Patent and proprietary rights litigation entails substantial legal and other costs, and diverts Company resources as well as the attention of our management. There can be no assurance we will have the necessary financial resources to appropriately defend or prosecute our intellectual property rights in connection with any such litigation.
 
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Competition from others could prevent the Company from increasing revenue and achieving its growth plans.
 
While we are a leading provider and believe we have the largest installed base of unattended POS electronic payment systems in the small ticket, beverage and food vending industry, our competitors are increasingly and actively marketing products and services that compete with our products and services in this vending space. The competition includes manufacturers who may include in their new vending machines their own (or another third party’s) cashless payment systems and services other than our systems and services. While we believe our products and services are superior to our competitors, many of our competitors are much larger enterprises and have substantially greater revenues. In addition to these competitors, there are also numerous credit card processors that offer card processing services to traditional retail establishments that could decide to offer similar services to the industries that we serve. Competition from other companies, including those that are well established and have substantially greater resources, may reduce our profitability or reduce our business opportunities. Competition may result in lower profit margins on our products or may reduce potential profits or result in a loss of some or all of our customer base. To the extent that our competitors are able to offer more attractive technology, our ability to compete could be adversely affected.
 
The termination of any of our relationships with third parties upon whom we rely for supplies and services that are critical to our products could adversely affect our business and delay achievement of our business plan.
 
We depend on arrangements with third parties for a variety of component parts used in our products. We have contracted with various suppliers to assist us to develop and manufacture our ePort® products. For other components, we do not have supply contracts with any of our third-party suppliers and we purchase components as needed from time to time. We have contracted with Xand to host our network in a secure, 24/7 environment to ensure the reliability of our network services. We also have contracted with multiple land-based telecommunications providers to ensure the reliability of our land-based network. If these business relationships are terminated, the implementation of our business plan may be delayed until an alternative supplier or service provider can be retained. If we are unable to find another source or one that is comparable, the content and quality of our products could suffer and our business, operating results and financial condition could be harmed.
 
A disruption in the manufacturing capabilities of our third-party manufacturers, suppliers or distributors would negatively impact our ability to meet customer requirements.
 
We depend upon third-party manufacturers, suppliers and distributors to deliver components free from defects, competitive in functionality and cost, and in compliance with our specifications and delivery schedules. Since we generally do not maintain large inventories of our products or components, any termination of, or significant disruption in, our manufacturing capability or our relationship with our third-party manufacturers or suppliers may prevent us from filling customer orders in a timely manner.
 
We have occasionally experienced, and may in the future experience, delays in delivery of products and delivery of products of inferior quality from third-party manufacturers. Although alternate manufacturers and suppliers are generally available to produce our products and product components, the number of manufacturers or suppliers of some of our products and components is limited, and a qualified replacement manufacturer or supplier could take several months. In addition, our use of third-party manufacturers reduces our direct control over product quality, manufacturing timing, yields and costs. Disruption of the manufacture or supply of our products and components, or a third-party manufacturer’s or supplier’s failure to remain competitive in functionality, quality or price, could delay or interrupt our ability to manufacture or deliver our products to customers on a timely basis, which would have a material adverse effect on our business and financial performance.
 
Substantially all of the network service contracts with our customers are terminable for any or no reason upon thirty to sixty days’ advance notice.
 
Substantially all of our customers may terminate their network service contracts with us for any or no reason upon providing us with thirty or sixty days’ advance notice. Accordingly, consistent demand for and satisfaction with our products by our customers is critical to our financial condition and future success. Problems, defects, or dissatisfaction with our products or services or competition in the marketplace could cause us to lose a substantial number of our customers with minimal notice. If a substantial number of our customers were to exercise their termination rights, it would result in a material adverse effect to our business, operating results, and financial condition.
 
Our reliance on our wireless telecommunication service provider exposes us to a number of risks over which we have no control, including risks with respect to increased prices and termination of essential services.
 
The operation of our wireless networked devices depends upon the capacity, reliability and security of services provided to us by our wireless telecommunication services providers, AT&T Mobility and Verizon Wireless. We have no control over the operation, quality or maintenance of these services or whether the vendor will improve its services or continue to provide services that are essential to our business. In addition, subject to our existing contracts with them, our wireless telecommunication services providers may increase their prices, which would increase our costs. If our wireless telecommunication services providers were to cease to provide essential services or to significantly increase prices, we could be required to find alternative vendors for these services. With a limited number of vendors, we could experience significant delays in obtaining new or replacement services, which could lead to slowdowns or failures of our network. In addition, we may have to replace our existing ePort ® devices that are already installed in the marketplace and which are utilizing the existing vendor’s services. This could significantly harm our reputation and could cause us to lose customers and revenues.
 
We may accumulate excess or obsolete inventory that could result in unanticipated price reductions and write downs and adversely affect our financial results.
 
Managing the proper inventory levels for components and finished products is challenging. In formulating our product offerings, we have focused our efforts on providing products with greater capability and functionality, which requires us to develop and incorporate the most current technologies in our products. This approach tends to increase the risk of obsolescence for products and components we hold in inventory and may compound the difficulties posed by other factors that affect our inventory levels, including the following:
 
 
the need to maintain significant inventory of components that are in limited supply;
 
 
buying components in bulk for the best pricing;
 
 
responding to the unpredictable demand for products;
 
 
responding to customer requests for short lead-time delivery schedules; and
 
 
failure of customers to take delivery of ordered products.
 
If we accumulate excess or obsolete inventory, price reductions and inventory write-downs may result, which could adversely affect our results of operation and financial condition.
 
14
 

 

 
We may not be able to adapt to changing technology and our customers’ technology needs.
 
We face rapidly changing technology and frequent new service offerings that can render existing services obsolete or unmarketable. Our future depends, in part, on our ability to enhance existing services and to develop, introduce and market, on a timely and cost effective basis, new services that keep pace with technological developments and customer requirements. Developing new products and technologies is a complex, uncertain process requiring innovation and accurate anticipation of technological and market trends. When changes to the product line are announced, we will be challenged to manage possible shortened life cycles for existing products and continue to sell existing products. Our inability to respond effectively to any of these challenges may have a material adverse effect on our business and financial success.
 
Security is vital to our customers and therefore breaches in the security of transactions involving our products or services could adversely affect our reputation and results of operations.
 
Protection against fraud is of key importance to purchasers and end-users of our products. We incorporate security features, such as encryption software and secure hardware, into our products to protect against fraud in electronic payment transactions and to ensure the privacy and integrity of consumer data. We design and test our products to industry security standards and our products and methodologies are under periodic review and improvement. We also maintain the highest level PCI validation standard as mandated by the card industry and engage third party auditors not only to ensure that we meet the highest industry standards, but also to advise us on improving our security methods. Nevertheless, our products and services and third party products and services that are utilized by us may be vulnerable to breaches in security due to defects in our security mechanisms, the operating system and applications in our hardware platform. Security vulnerabilities could jeopardize the security of information transmitted or stored using our products. T he security of the information in our products is compromised, our reputation and marketplace acceptance of our products will be adversely affected, which would adversely affect our results of operations, and subject us to potential liability. If our security applications are breached and sensitive data is lost or stolen, we could incur significant costs to not only assess and repair any damage to our systems, but also to reimburse customers for losses that occur from the fraudulent use of the data. We may also be subject to fines and penalties from the credit card associations in the event of the loss of confidential card information.
 
Our products and services may be vulnerable to security breach.
 
Credit card issuers have promulgated credit card security guidelines as part of their ongoing efforts to battle identity theft and credit card fraud. We continue to work with credit card issuers to assure that our products and services comply with these rules. There can be no assurances, however, that our products and services or third party products and services utilized by us are invulnerable to unauthorized access or hacking. When there is unauthorized access to credit card data that results in financial loss, there is the potential that parties could seek damages from us , and our business reputation may be materially adversely affected .
 
If we fail to adhere to the standards of the Visa and MasterCard credit card associations, our registrations with these associations could be terminated and we could be required to stop providing payment processing services for Visa and MasterCard.
 
Substantially all of the transactions handled by our network involve Visa or MasterCard. If we fail to comply with the applicable requirements of the Visa and MasterCard credit card associations, Visa or MasterCard could suspend or terminate our registration with them. The termination of our registration with them or any changes in the Visa or MasterCard rules that would impair our registration with them could require us to stop providing payment processing services through our network. In such event, our business plan and/or competitive advantages in the market place could be materially adversely affected.
 
We rely on other card payment processors; if they fail or no longer agree to provide their services, our customer relationships could be adversely affected and we could lose business.
 
We rely on agreements with other large payment processing organizations, primarily Elavon, Inc. (“Elavon”), to enable us to provide card authorization, data capture, settlement and merchant accounting services and access to various reporting tools for the customers we serve. The termination by our card processing providers of their arrangements with us or their failure to perform their services efficiently and effectively may adversely affect our relationships with the customers whose accounts we serve and may cause those customers to terminate their processing agreements with us.
 
We are subject to laws and regulations that affect the products, services and markets in which we operate. Failure by us to comply with these laws or regulations would have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, or results of operations.
 
We are, among other things, subject to banking regulations and credit card association regulations. Failure to comply with these regulations may result in the suspension of our business, the limitation, suspension or termination of service, and/or the imposition of fines that could have an adverse effect on our financial condition. Additionally, changes to legal rules and regulations, or interpretation or enforcement thereof, could have a negative financial effect on us or our product offerings. To the extent this occurs, we could be subject to additional technical, contractual or other requirements as a condition of our continuing to conduct our payment processing business. These requirements could cause us to incur additional costs, which could be significant, or to lose revenues to the extent we do not comply with these requirements.
 
New legislation could be enacted regulating the basis upon which interchange rates are charged for debit or credit card transactions, which could increase the debit or credit card interchange fees charged by bankcard networks. An example of such legislation is the so-called “Durbin Amendment,” to the Dodd Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010. The Durbin Amendment regulates the basis upon which interchange rates for debit card transactions are made to ensure that interchange rates are “reasonable and proportionate to costs.” Pursuant to regulations that were promulgated by the Federal Reserve, Visa and MasterCard have significantly increased their interchange fees for small ticket debit card transactions.
 
On October 12, 2011, the Company and Visa entered into a one-year agreement (the “Visa Agreement”) pursuant to which Visa has agreed to make available to the Company reduced interchange fees for debit card transactions. The interchange reimbursement fees made available to the Company will allow the Company to continue to accept Visa’s debit products without adversely impacting the Company’s historical gross profit from license and transaction fee revenues. On October 9, 2012, the Company and Visa entered into a First Amendment to extend the terms of the original agreement to October 31, 2013, which automatically renewed for one year through October 31, 2014. If the Visa Agreement is not extended, our financial results would be materially adversely affected unless we are able to pass these significant additional charges to our customers.
 
Increases in card association and debit network interchange fees could increase our operating costs or otherwise adversely affect our operations. If we do not pass along to our customers any future increases in credit or debit card interchange fees, assessments and transaction fees, our gross profits would be reduced.
 
We are obligated to pay interchange fees and other network fees set by the bankcard networks to the card issuing bank and the bankcard networks for each transaction we process through our network. From time to time, card associations and debit networks increase the organization and/or processing fees, known as interchange fees that they charge. Under our processing agreements with our customers, we are permitted to pass along these fee increases to our customers through corresponding increases in our processing fees. Passing along such increases could result in some of our customers canceling their contracts with us. Consequently, it is possible that competitive pressures will result in our Company absorbing some or all of the increases in the future, which would increase our operating costs, reduce our gross profit and adversely affect our business.
 
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During the term of the Visa Agreement, the Company does not anticipate accepting any debit cards with interchange fees that are higher than the rates provided under the Visa Agreement. The Company will continue to accept Visa- branded debit and pre-paid cards in addition to all major credit cards, including Visa, MasterCard, Discover and American Express at its current processing rates. If the Visa Agreement is not extended, our financial results would be materially adversely affected unless we are able to pass these significant additional charges to our customers.
 
The ability to recruit, retain and develop qualified personnel is critical to the Company’s success and growth.
 
For the Company to successfully compete and grow, it must retain, recruit and develop the necessary personnel who can provide the needed expertise required in its business. In addition, the Company must develop its personnel to provide succession plans capable of maintaining continuity in the midst of the inevitable unpredictability of human capital. However, the market for qualified personnel is competitive and the Company may not succeed in recruiting additional personnel or may fail to effectively replace current personnel who depart with qualified or effective successors. The Company’s effort to retain and develop personnel may also result in significant additional expenses. The Company cannot assure that key personnel, including executive officers, will continue to be employed or that it will be able to attract and retain qualified personnel in the future. Failure to retain or attract key personnel could have a material adverse effect on the Company.
 
Risks Related to Our Common Stock
 
We do not expect to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future and therefore investors should not anticipate cash dividends on their investment.
 
The holders of our common stock and series A convertible preferred stock are entitled to receive dividends when, and if, declared by our board of directors. Our board of directors does not intend to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future, but instead intends to retain any and all earnings to finance the growth of the business. To date, we have not paid any cash dividends on our common stock or our series A convertible preferred stock and there can be no assurance that cash dividends will ever be paid on our common stock.
 
In addition, our articles of incorporation prohibit the declaration of any dividends on our common stock unless and until all unpaid and accumulated dividends on the series A convertible preferred stock have been declared and paid. Through September 15, 2014, the unpaid and cumulative dividends on the series A convertible preferred stock are $12,593,002. As of June 30, 2014, each share of series A convertible preferred stock was convertible into 0.1940 of a share of common stock at the option of the holder and is subject to further adjustment as provided in our Articles of Incorporation. The unpaid and cumulative dividends on the series A convertible preferred stock are convertible into shares of our common stock at the rate of $1,000 per share at the option of the holder. During the year ended June 30, 2014, none of our series A convertible preferred stock and no cumulative preferred dividends were converted into shares of common stock.
 
Our articles of incorporation also provide that the preferred stock has a liquidation preference over the common stock in the amount of $10 per share plus accrued and unpaid dividends. As of June 30, 2014, the liquidation preference was $16,690,456.
 
Upon certain fundamental transactions involving the Company, such as a merger or sale of substantially all of our assets, we may be required to distribute the liquidation preference then due to the holders of our series A preferred stock as well as cash payments to certain of our warrant holders which would reduce the amount of the distributions otherwise to be made to the holders of our common stock in connection with such transactions.
 
Our articles of incorporation provide that upon a merger or sale of substantially all of our assets or upon the disposition of more than 50% of our voting power, the holders of at least 60% of the preferred stock may elect to have such transaction treated as a liquidation and be entitled to receive their liquidation preference. Upon our liquidation, the holders of our preferred stock are entitled to receive a liquidation preference prior to any distribution to the holders of common stock which as of June 30, 2014 is equal to $16,690,456.
 
The terms of the warrants that were issued in March 2011 to acquire up to 3,900,000 shares of common stock at $2.6058 per share which expire in September 2016 provide that upon a Fundamental Transaction (as defined in the warrant) the holder shall have the right to have the warrant purchased by the Company for cash at its Black Scholes Value (as defined in the warrant). The term Fundamental Transaction includes a merger, sale of substantially all of our assets, or if any person shall acquire 50% or more of the voting power of our shares. The Black Scholes Value (as defined in the warrant) payable as of June 30, 2014 was approximately $ 3.1 million.
 
We may issue additional shares of our common stock, which could depress the market price of our common stock and dilute your ownership.
 
As of September 15, 2014, we had issued and outstanding warrants to purchase 4,309,000 shares of our common stock. The shares underlying 4,264,000 of these warrants have been registered and may be freely sold. Market sales of large amounts of our common stock, or the potential for those sales even if they do not actually occur, may have the effect of depressing the market price of our common stock. In addition, if our future financing needs require us to issue additional shares of common stock or securities convertible into common stock, the supply of common stock available for resale could be increased which could stimulate trading activity and cause the market price of our common stock to drop, even if our business is doing well. Furthermore, the issuance of any additional shares of our common stock including those pursuant to the exercise of warrants by the holders thereof, or securities convertible into our common stock could be substantially dilutive to holders of our common stock.
 
Our stock price may be volatile.
 
The trading price of our common stock is expected to be subject to significant fluctuations in response to various factors including, but not limited to, the following:
 
 
variations in operating results and achievement of key business metrics;
 
 
changes in earnings estimates by securities analysts, if any;
 
 
any differences between reported results and securities analysts’ published or unpublished expectations;
 
 
announcements of new contracts, service offerings or technological innovations by us or our competitors;
 
 
market reaction to any acquisitions, joint ventures or strategic investments announced by us or our competitors;
 
16
 

 

 
 
demand for our services and products;
 
 
shares of common stock being sold pursuant to Rule 144 or upon exercise of warrants;
 
 
regulatory matters;
 
 
concerns about our financial position, operating results, litigation, government regulation, developments or disputes relating to agreements, patents or proprietary rights;
 
 
potential dilutive effects of future sales of shares of common stock by shareholders and by the Company;
 
 
the amount of average daily trading volume in our common stock;
 
 
our ability to obtain working capital financing; and
 
 
general economic or stock market conditions unrelated to our operating performance.
 
The securities market in recent years has from time to time experienced significant price and volume fluctuations that are unrelated to the operating performance of particular companies. These market fluctuations, as well as general economic conditions, may also materially and adversely affect the market price of our common stock.
 
The substantial market overhang of our shares may tend to depress the market price of our shares.
 
As of September 15, 2014, the Company has 4,264,000 of our shares underlying warrants exercisable at $2.6058 per share at any time before September 18, 2016 which are required to be registered by us for resale under applicable securities laws . Sales in the public market of a substantial number of the shares underlying these warrants, or the perception that these sales may occur, could cause the market price of our common stock to decline. In addition, the sale of these shares could impair our ability to raise capital, should we wish to do so, through the sale of additional common stock. We are unable to estimate the number of shares that may be sold because this will depend on the market price for our common stock, the personal circumstances of the sellers and other factors.
 
Director and officer liability is limited.
 
As permitted by Pennsylvania law, our by-laws limit the liability of our directors for monetary damages for breach of a director’s fiduciary duty except for liability in certain instances. As a result of our by-law provisions and Pennsylvania law, shareholders may have limited rights to recover against directors for breach of fiduciary duty. In addition, our by-laws and indemnification agreements entered into by the Company with each of the officers and directors provide that we shall indemnify our directors and officers to the fullest extent permitted by law.
 
Our publicly-filed reports are reviewed by the SEC from time to time and any significant changes required as a result of any such review may result in material liability to us, and have a material adverse impact on the trading price of our common stock.
 
The reports of publicly-traded companies are subject to review by the SEC from time to time for the purpose of assisting companies in complying with applicable disclosure requirements and to enhance the overall effectiveness of companies’ public filings, and comprehensive reviews of such reports are now required at least every three years under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. SEC reviews may be initiated at any time. While we believe that our previously filed SEC reports comply, and we intend that all future reports will comply in all material respects with the published SEC rules and regulations, we could be required to modify or reformulate information contained in prior filings as a result of an SEC review. Any modification or reformulation of information contained in such reports could be significant and result in material liability to us and have a material adverse impact on the trading price of our common stock.
 
I tem 2. Properties.
 
The Company conducts its operations from various facilities under operating leases. The Company leases 17,249 square feet of space located in Malvern, Pennsylvania for its principal executive office and for general administrative functions, sales activities, product development, and customer support. The lease term expires on April 30, 2016. As of June 30, 2014, the Company’s rent payment for this facility is approximately $31,000 per month.
 
The Company also leases 11,250 square feet of space in Malvern, Pennsylvania for its product warehousing and shipping under a lease agreement, which expires on February 28, 2016. As of June 30, 2014, the Company’s rent payment is approximately $5,000 per month.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings.
 
From time to time, the Company is involved in various litigation proceedings arising during the normal course of business which, in the opinion of the management of the Company, will not have a material effect on the Company’s financial position and results of operations or cash flows.
 
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
 
Not applicable.
 
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PA RT II
 
Ite m 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
 
The common stock of the Company trades on The NASDAQ Global Market under the symbol USAT. The high and low bid prices on The NASDAQ Global Market for the common stock were as follows:
 
Year ended June 30, 2014
 
High
   
Low
 
First Quarter (through September 30, 2013)
  $ 2.18     $ 1.60  
Second Quarter (through December 31, 2013)
  $ 2.01     $ 1.40  
Third Quarter (through March 31, 2014)
  $ 2.48     $ 1.80  
Fourth Quarter (through June 30, 2014)
  $ 2.24     $ 1.73  
                 
Year ended June 30, 2013
 
High
   
Low
 
First Quarter (through September 30, 2012)
  $ 1.75     $ 1.16  
Second Quarter (through December 31, 2012)
  $ 1.97     $ 1.22  
Third Quarter (through March 31, 2013)
  $ 2.75     $ 1.73  
Fourth Quarter (through June 30, 2013)
  $ 2.65     $ 1.60  
 
On September 15, 2014, there were 618 record holders of the Common Stock and 321 record holders of the Preferred Stock.
 
The holders of the Common Stock are entitled to receive such dividends as the Board of Directors of the Company may from time to time declare out of funds legally available for payment of dividends. Through the date hereof, no cash dividends have been declared on the Company’s Common Stock or Preferred Stock. No dividend may be paid on the Common Stock until all accumulated and unpaid dividends on the Preferred Stock have been paid. As of September 15, 2014, such accumulated unpaid dividends amounted to $12,593,002. The Preferred Stock is also entitled to a liquidation preference over the Common Stock which as of June 30, 2014 equaled $16,690,456.
 
As of June 30, 2014, equity securities authorized for issuance by the Company with respect to compensation plans were as follows:
 
Plan category
 
Number of Securities
to be issued upon
exercise of outstanding
options and warrants
(a)
   
Weighted average
exercise price of
outstanding options
and warrants
(b)
   
Number of securities
remaining available for
future issuance
(excluding securities
reflected in column (a))
(c)
   
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders
    120,000     $ 2.05       1,218,991   (1)
                           
Total
    120,000     $ 2.05       1,218,991    
 
(1) Represents 88,991 shares of Common Stock issuable under the Company’s 2012 Stock Incentive Plan as approved by shareholders on June 28, 2012, and 500,000 shares of Common Stock issuable under the Company’s 2013 Stock Incentive Plan as approved by shareholders on June 21, 2013 for use in compensating employees, officers and directors, and 630,000 shares of Common Stock underlying stock options issuable under the Company’s 2014 Stock Option Incentive Plan as approved by shareholders on June 18, 2014 for use in compensating employees, officers and directors. The shares either have been, or will be registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission as employee benefit plans under Form S-8.
 
As of September 15, 2014, shares of Common Stock reserved for future issuance were as follows:
 
 
● 
4,309,000 shares issuable upon the exercise of common stock warrants at exercise prices ranging from $2.10 to $2.6058 per share; all warrants were exercisable as of September 15, 2014;
     
 
98, 529 shares issuable upon the conversion of outstanding Preferred Stock and cumulative Preferred Stock dividends;
     
 
31,484 shares issuable under the 2012 Stock Incentive Plan;
     
 
466,740 shares issuable under the 2013 Stock Incentive Plan;
 
 
750,000 shares underlying stock options issued or to be issued under the 2014 Stock Option Incentive Plan; and
 
 
140,000 shares issuable to our former CEO upon the occurrence of a USA Transaction.
 
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PERFORMANCE GRAPH
 
The following graph shows a comparison of the 5-year cumulative total shareholder return for our common stock with The NASDAQ Composite Index and the S&P 500 Information Technology Index for small cap companies in the United States. The graph assumes a $100 investment on June 30, 200 9 in our common stock and in the NASDAQ Composite Index and the S&P 500 Information Technology Index, including reinvestment of dividends.
 
COMPARISON OF 5-YEAR CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN
 
Among USA Technologies, Inc., The NASDAQ Composite Index and The S&P 500 Information Technology Index
 
(GRAPH)
 
Total Return For:
 
Jun-09
   
Jun-10
   
Jun-11
   
Jun-12
   
Jun-13
   
Jun-14
 
USA Technologies, Inc.
  $ 100     $ 16     $ 73     $ 48     $ 57     $ 69  
NASDAQ Composite
  $ 100     $ 115     $ 151     $ 160     $ 185     $ 240  
S&P 500 Information Technology Index
  $ 100     $ 115     $ 143     $ 161     $ 170     $ 220  
 
The information in the performance graph is not deemed to be “soliciting material” or to be “filed” with the Securities and Exchange Commission or subject to Regulation 14A or 14C under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or to the liabilities of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and will not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, except to the extent that we specifically incorporate it by reference into such a filing. The stock price performance included in this graph is not necessarily indicative of future stock price performance.
 
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Item 6. Selected Financial Data.
 
The following selected financial data for the five years ended June 30, 2014 are derived from the audited consolidated financial statements of USA Technologies, Inc. The data should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements, related notes, and other financial information.
 
   
Year ended June 30,
 
   
2014
   
2013
   
2012
   
2011
   
2010
 
OPERATIONS DATA
                             
                               
Revenues
  $ 42,344,964     $ 35,940,244     $ 29,017,243     $ 22,868,789     $ 15,771,106  
                                         
Operating income (loss)
  $ 436,332     $ 713,925     $ (7,000,392 )   $ (5,688,217 )   $ (11,595,697 )
                                         
Net Income (loss)
  $ 27,530,652     $ 854,123     $ (5,211,238 )   $ (6,457,067 )   $ (11,571,495 )
                                         
Cumulative preferred dividends
    (664,452 )     (664,452 )     (664,452 )     (665,577 )     (735,139 )
Net income (loss) applicable to common shares
  $ 26,866,200     $ 189,671     $ (5,875,690 )   $ (7,122,644 )   $ (12,306,634 )
                                         
Net earnings (loss) per common share - basic
  $ 0.78     $ 0.01     $ (0.18 )   $ (0.26 )   $ (0.55 )
                                         
Net earnings (loss) per common share - diluted
  $ 0.78     $ 0.01     $ (0.18 )   $ (0.26 )   $ (0.55 )
                                         
Cash dividends per common share
    -       -       -       -       -  
                                         
BALANCE SHEET DATA
                                       
Total assets
  $ 70,764,242     $ 36,576,196     $ 33,219,657     $ 36,004,005     $ 29,848,424  
Long-term debt
  $ 422,776     $ 369,906     $ 728,330     $ 253,061     $ 596,155  
Shareholders’ equity
  $ 53,736,667     $ 23,379,191     $ 21,655,022     $ 26,125,531     $ 22,812,172  
 
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The following unaudited quarterly financial operations data for the years ended June 30, 2014 and June 30, 2013 is derived from the audited consolidated financial statements of USA Technologies, Inc. and its interim reports for the quarters therein. The data should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements, related notes, and other financial information.
 
   
UNAUDITED
 
YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2014
 
First Quarter
   
Second Quarter
   
Third Quarter
   
Fourth Quarter
   
Year
 
                               
Revenues
  $ 10,123,058     $ 10,570,514     $ 10,443,932     $ 11,207,460     $ 42,344,964  
                                         
Gross profit
  $ 3,582,771     $ 3,830,133     $ 3,997,788     $ 3,662,144     $ 15,072,836  
                                         
Operating income (loss)
  $ 128,918     $ 509,690     $ 365,535     $ (567,811 )   $ 436,332  
                                         
Net income (loss)
  $ 293,654     $ 409,191     $ 26,866,526     $ (38,719 )   $ 27,530,652  
                                         
Cumulative preferred dividends
  $ (332,226 )   $ -     $ (332,226 )   $ -     $ (664,452 )
                                         
Net income (loss) applicable to common shares
  $ (38,572 )   $ 409,191     $ 26,534,300     $ (38,719 )   $ 26,866,200  
                                         
Net earnings (loss) per common share - basic
  $ -     $ 0.01     $ 0.75     $ -     $ 0.78  
                                         
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding
    33,324,295       34,136,884       35,504,911       35,517,099       34,613,497  
                                         
Net earnings (loss) per common share - diluted
  $ -     $ 0.01     $ 0.75     $ -     $ 0.78  
                                         
Diluted weighted average number of common shares outstanding
    33,324,295       34,222,731       35,504,911       35,517,099       34,613,497  
                                         
   
UNAUDITED
 
YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2013
 
First Quarter
   
Second Quarter
   
Third Quarter
   
Fourth Quarter
   
Year
 
                                         
Revenues
  $ 8,390,277     $ 8,884,321     $ 8,980,804     $ 9,684,842     $ 35,940,244  
                                         
Gross profit
  $ 3,144,281     $ 3,600,181     $ 3,681,339     $ 3,670,812     $ 14,096,613  
                                         
Operating income (loss)
  $ (414,232 )   $ 567,650     $ 350,219     $ 210,288     $ 713,925  
                                         
Net income (loss)
  $ 39,140     $ 153,758     $ (1,015,943 )   $ 1,677,168     $ 854,123  
                                         
Cumulative preferred dividends
  $ (332,226 )   $ -     $ (332,226 )   $ -     $ (664,452 )
                                         
Net income (loss) applicable to common shares
  $ (293,086 )   $ 153,758     $ (1,348,169 )   $ 1,677,168     $ 189,671  
                                         
Net earnings (loss) per common share - basic
  $ (0.01 )   $ -     $ (0.04 )   $ 0.05     $ 0.01  
                                         
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding
    32,518,230       32,734,394       32,821,345       33,080,641       32,787,673  
                                         
Net earnings (loss) per common share - diluted
  $ (0.01 )   $ -     $ (0.04 )   $ 0.05     $ 0.01  
                                         
Diluted weighted average number of common shares outstanding
    32,518,230       33,468,336       32,821,345       34,115,444       33,613,346  
 
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The following unaudited quarterly cash flow data for the years ended June 30, 2014 and June 30, 2013 is derived from the audited consolidated financial statements of USA Technologies, Inc. and its interim reports for the quarters therein. The data reflects the reclassification of the cash used for purchase of property for the rental program from operating activities to investing activities. The data should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements, related notes, and other financial information.
 
   
UNAUDITED
 
YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2014
 
First Quarter
   
Second Quarter
   
Third Quarter
   
Fourth Quarter
   
Year
 
                               
Net cash provided by operating activities
  $ 911,824     $ 1,743,352     $ 2,162,782     $ 2,267,442     $ 7,085,400  
                                         
Net cash used in investing activities
  $ (2,089,601 )   $ (2,478,986 )   $ (2,673,060 )   $ (675,805 )   $ (7,917,452 )
                                         
Net cash provided by financing activities
  $ 1,008,677     $ 1,578,733     $ 432,396     $ 903,566     $ 3,923,372  
                                         
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
    (169,100 )     843,099       (77,882 )     2,495,203       3,091,320  
                                         
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
    5,981,000       5,811,900       6,654,999       6,577,117       5,981,000  
                                         
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year
  $ 5,811,900     $ 6,654,999     $ 6,577,117     $ 9,072,320     $ 9,072,320  
                                         
   
UNAUDITED
 
YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2013
 
First Quarter
   
Second Quarter
   
Third Quarter
   
Fourth Quarter
   
Year
 
                                         
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
  $ 678,010     $ 1,922,175     $ (217,437 )   $ 3,656,204     $ 6,038,952  
                                         
Net cash used in investing activities
  $ (2,076,915 )   $ (2,515,533 )   $ (1,790,849 )   $ (2,797,540 )   $ (9,180,837 )
                                         
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
  $ 1,175,963     $ (563,999 )   $ 910,477     $ 1,173,799     $ 2,696,240  
                                         
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
    (222,942 )     (1,157,357 )     (1,097,809 )     2,032,463       (445,645 )
                                         
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
    6,426,645       6,203,703       5,046,346       3,948,537       6,426,645  
                                         
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year
  $ 6,203,703     $ 5,046,346     $ 3,948,537     $ 5,981,000     $ 5,981,000  
 
22
 

 

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
 
USA Technologies, Inc. provides wireless networking, cashless transactions, asset monitoring and other value-added services principally to the small ticket, unattended retail markets. Our ePort ® technology can be installed and/or embedded into everyday devices such as vending machines, a variety of kiosks, amusement & arcade machines and smartphones via our ePort Mobile™ solution. Our associated service, ePort Connect ® , is a PCI-compliant, comprehensive service that includes simplified credit/debit card processing and support, consumer engagement services as well as telemetry and machine-to-machine (“M2M”) services, including the ability to remotely monitor, control and report on the results of distributed assets containing our electronic payment solutions. In addition, the Company provides energy management products, such as its VendingMiser ® and CoolerMiser™, which reduce energy consumption in vending machines and coolers.
 
The Company generates revenue in multiple ways. We derive the majority of our revenues from license and transaction fees related to our ePort Connect service. Connections to our service stem from the sale, or lease of our POS electronic payment devices or certified payment software or the servicing of similar third-party installed POS terminals. The majority of ePort Connect customers pay a monthly fee plus a blended transaction rate on the dollar volume processed by the Company. Customers with higher expected transaction rates might pay a lower or no ePort Connect monthly fee, but a higher blended transaction rate on dollar volume processed by the Company. Connections to the ePort Connect service, therefore, are the most significant driver of the Company’s revenues, particularly revenues from license and transaction fees.
 
The Company also generates equipment revenue through the direct sale or rental of ePort ® technology as well as our stand-alone, non-networked energy management products.
 
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
GENERAL
 
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates. We believe the policies and estimates related to revenue recognition, software development costs, impairment of long-lived assets, goodwill and intangible assets, and investments represent our critical accounting policies and estimates. Future results may differ from our estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
 
REVENUE RECOGNITION
 
Revenue from the sale of equipment is recognized on the terms of freight-on-board shipping point. Activation fee revenue is recognized when the Company’s cashless payment device is initially activated for use on the Company network. Transaction processing revenue is recognized upon the usage of the Company’s cashless payment and control network. License fees for access to the Company’s devices and network services are recognized on a monthly basis. In all cases, revenue is only recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, the price is fixed and determinable, and collection of the resulting receivable is reasonably assured. The Company estimates an allowance for product returns at the date of sale.
 
LONG LIVED ASSETS
 
In accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification® (“ASC”) Topic 360 “Impairment or Disposal of Long-lived Assets”, the Company reviews its definite lived long-lived assets whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of such assets may not be recoverable. If the carrying amount of an asset or group of assets exceeds its net realizable value, the asset will be written down to its fair value. In the period when the plan of sale criteria of ASC 360 are met, definite lived long-lived assets are reported as held for sale, depreciation and amortization cease, and the assets are reported at the lower of carrying value or fair value less costs to sell.
 
GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS
 
Goodwill represents the excess of cost over fair value of the net assets purchased in acquisitions. The Company accounts for goodwill in accordance with ASC 350, “Intangibles – Goodwill and Other”. Under ASC 350, goodwill is not amortized to earnings, but instead is subject to periodic testing for impairment. In September 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-08, which amends current guidance to allow the Company to first assess qualitative factors to determine if it is necessary to perform the two-step quantitative impairment test. If after this assessment the Company determines that it is not more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, then the two-step impairment test are unnecessary. If after this assessment the Company determines that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, than the Company will perform the first step of the two-step impairment test. The first step screens for potential impairment, while the second step measures the amount of impairment. The Company uses a quantitative method, including a discounted cash flow analysis to complete the first step in this process. We also give consideration to our market capitalization. Testing for impairment is to be done at least annually and at other times if events or circumstances arise that indicate that impairment may have occurred. The Company has selected April 1 as its annual test date. The Company has concluded there has been no impairment of goodwill as a result of its testing on April 1, 2014, April 1, 2013, and April 1, 2012.
 
The Company trademarks with an indefinite economic life are not being amortized. The trademarks, not subject to amortization, are related to the miser asset group and consist of the following trademarks: 1) VendingMiser, 2) CoolerMiser, 3) PlugMiser and 4) SnackMiser. The Company tests indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment using a two-step process. The first step screens for potential impairment, while the second step measures the amount of impairment. The Company uses a relief from royalty analysis to complete the first step in this process. Testing for impairment is to be done at least annually and at other times if events or circumstances arise that indicate that impairment may have occurred. The Company has selected April 1 as its annual test date for its indefinite-lived intangible assets. There was no impairment expense recorded during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014, 2013 and 2012.
 
Patents and trademarks, with an estimated economic life, are carried at cost less accumulated amortization, which is calculated on a straight-line basis over their estimated economic life. The Company reviews intangibles, subject to amortization, for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An asset is considered to be impaired when the sum of the undiscounted future net cash flows resulting from the use of the asset and its eventual disposition is less than its carrying amount. The amount of the impairment loss, if any, is measured as the difference between the net book value of the asset and its estimated fair value. For the years ended June 30, 2014, 2013, and 2012, the Company has concluded there has been no impairment of its other patents or trademarks that are subject to amortization.
 
23
 

 

 
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2014 COMPARED TO FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2013
 
Results for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014 continued to demonstrate growth and improvements in the Company’s operations as compared to the fiscal year ended June 30, 2013. Highlights of year over year improvements include:
 
 
 
 
$27.3 million of deferred tax assets recognized;
 
Total revenue up 18% to $42.3 million;
 
Recurring license and transaction fee revenue up 19% to $35.6 million; and
 
Total connections to its ePort Connect service base as of June 30, 2014 up 24% as compared to June 30, 2013.
 
Revenues for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014 were $42,344,964, consisting of $35,638,121 of license and transactions fees and $6,706,843 of equipment sales, compared to $35,940,244 for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2013, consisting of $30,044,429 of license and transaction fees and $5,895,815 of equipment sales. The increase in total revenue of $6,404,720, or 18%, was primarily due to an increase in license and transaction fees of $5,593,692, or 19%, from the prior year, and an increase in equipment sales of $811,028 or 14%, from the prior year.
 
Revenue from license and transaction fees, which represented 84% of total revenue for fiscal 2014, is primarily attributable to monthly ePort Connect® service fees and transaction processing fees. Highlights for fiscal 2014 include:
     
 
Adding 52,000 net connections to our service, consisting of 76,000 new connections to our ePort Connect service in fiscal 2014, offset by 24,000 deactivations, compared to 50,000 net connections added in fiscal 2013;
 
As of June 30, 2014, the Company had approximately 266,000 connections to the ePort Connect service compared to approximately 214,000 connections to the ePort Connect service as of June 30, 2013, an increase of 52,000 net connections or 24%;
 
Increases in the number of small-ticket, credit/debit transactions and dollars handled for fiscal 2014 of 31% and 34%, respectively, compared to the same period a year ago; and
 
ePort Connect customer base grew 24% from June 30, 2013.
 
The increase in license and transaction fees was due to the growth in ePort Connect service fees and transaction dollars that stems from the increased number of connections to our ePort Connect service. As of June 30, 2014, the Company had approximately 266,000 connections to the ePort Connect service compared to approximately 214,000 connections to the ePort Connect service as of June 30, 2013. During the year ended June 30, 2014, the Company added approximately 52,000 net connections to our network compared to approximately 50,000 net connections added during the year ended June 30, 2013.
 
Pursuant to its agreements with customers, in addition to ePort Connect service fees, the Company earns transaction processing fees equal to a percentage of the dollar volume processed by the Company. During the year ended June 30, 2014, the Company processed approximately 169 million transactions totaling approximately $294 million compared to approximately 129 million transactions totaling approximately $219 million during the year ended June 30, 2013, an increase of approximately 31% in the number of transactions and approximately 34% in the value of transactions processed.
 
New customers added to our ePort® Connect service during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014 totaled 2,250, bringing the total number of customers to approximately 7,300 as of June 30, 2014. The Company added approximately 1,750 new customers in the year ended June 30, 2013. By comparison, the Company had approximately 5,050 customers as of June 30, 2013, representing a 45% increase during the past twelve months. The Company views the total installed base of machines managed by its customers that have yet to transition to cashless payment, as a key strategic opportunity for future growth in connections. We count a customer as a new customer upon the signing of their ePort Connect service agreement. When a reseller sells our ePort, we count a customer as a new customer upon the signing of the applicable services agreement with the customer.
 
The $811,028 increase in equipment sales was a result of an increase of approximately $1,058,000 related to ePort® products, offset by decreases of approximately $174,000 in Energy Miser products and approximately $73,000 in other products. The $1,058,000 increase in ePort products is directly attributable to selling more units and an increase in activation fees during the current fiscal year. The $174,000 decrease in Energy Miser products is directly attributable to selling fewer units during the current fiscal year.
 
Cost of sales consisted of cost of services for license and transaction fee related costs of $23,018,001 and $18,219,945 and equipment costs of $4,254,127 and $3,623,686, for the years ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The increase in total cost of sales of $5,428,497, or 25%, was due to an increase in cost of services of $4,798,056 that stemmed from the greater number of connections to the Company’s ePort Connect service and increases in transaction dollars processed by those connections. Also, there was an increase in cost of equipment sales of $630,441 due to selling more units during the period.
 
Gross profit (“GP”) for the year ended June 30, 2014 was $15,072,836 compared to GP of $14,096,613 for the previous fiscal year, an increase of $976,223, or 7%, of which $12,620,120 is attributable to license and transaction fees GP and $2,452,716 of equipment sales GP. Overall gross profit margins decreased from 39% to 36% due to a decrease in license and transaction fees margins to 35%, from 39% in the prior fiscal year and by a decrease in equipment sales margins to 37%, from 39% in the prior fiscal year. Lower license and transaction fee margins are largely attributable to approximately 24,000 deactivations that occurred during the fiscal year primarily attributable to one customer as well as the impact of certain new JumpStart connections associated with grace periods under sales incentives. For the new connections associated with the grace periods, the Company incurred costs without receiving the associated monthly service fees.
 
Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses of $14,036,016 for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014, increased by $1,967,450 or 16%, from the prior fiscal year. The overall increase is comprised of approximately a $1,207,000 increase in employee and director compensation and benefit expenses; $329,000 in professional services, $224,000 increase in sales and marketing expenses; and, smaller, numerous, net increases in several other expenses totaling $207,000. The increase in employee and director compensation and benefits expenses predominantly related to expanding our base of employees, sales commissions and bonuses for record connections added in fiscal 2014 as well as bonus accruals related to performance-based compensation arrangements.
 
Other income and expense for the year ended June 30, 2014, primarily consisted of a reduction of $26.7 million of the valuation allowance we had on our deferred tax assets as the Company believes that it is more likely than not it will be able to utilize net operating loss carryforwards to offset future taxable earnings. Also included is $65,429 of non-cash gain for the change in the fair value of the Company’s warrant liabilities. The primary factor affecting the change in fair value is the decrease in the Black-Scholes value of the warrants from June 30, 2013 to June 30, 2014, which factored in the increase in the Company’s stock price as well as a decrease in its volatility during that period.
 
The fiscal year ended June 30, 2014 resulted in net income of $27,530,652 compared to net income of $854,123 for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2013, an improvement of $26,676,529 between fiscal years. Included in net income for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014 is a benefit from reduction income tax valuation allowances of $26,713,897. After preferred dividends of $664,452 for each fiscal year, net income applicable to common shareholders was $26,866,200 and $189,671 for the fiscal years ended 2014 and 2013, respectively. For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014, net earnings per common share (basic and diluted) were $0.78, compared to net earnings per common share (basic and diluted) of $0.01.
 
24
 

 

 
Non-GAAP net income was $751,326 for the year ended June 30, 2014, compared to non-GAAP net income of $914,195 for the year ended June 30, 2013. Management believes that non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP net income is an important measure of USAT’s business. Management uses the aforementioned non-GAAP measures to monitor and evaluate ongoing operating results and trends and to gain an understanding of our comparative operating performance. We believe that non-GAAP financial measures serve as useful metrics for our management and investors because they enable a better understanding of the long-term performance of our core business and facilitate comparisons of our operating results over multiple periods, and when taken together with the corresponding GAAP (United States’ Generally Accepted Accounting Principles) financial measures and our reconciliations, enhance investors’ overall understanding of our current and future financial performance.
 
A reconciliation of net income to Non-GAAP net income for the years ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 is as follows:
             
   
Year ended June 30,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
Net income
  $ 27,530,652     $ 854,123  
Non-GAAP adjustments:
               
Operating expenses
               
  Selling, general and administrative:
               
    Proxy related costs
    -       328,000  
Fair value of warrant adjustment
    (65,429 )     (267,928 )
Benefit from reduction of valuation allowances
    (26,713,897 )     -  
Non-GAAP net income
  $ 751,326     $ 914,195  
                 
Net income
  $ 27,530,652     $ 854,123  
Non-GAAP net income
  $ 751,326     $ 914,195  
                 
Cumulative preferred dividends
    (664,452 )     (664,452 )
Net income applicable to common shares
  $ 26,866,200     $ 189,671  
Non-GAAP net income applicable to common shares
  $ 86,874     $ 249,743  
                 
Net earnings per common share - basic
  $ 0.78     $ 0.01  
Non-GAAP net earnings per common share - basic
  $ -     $ 0.01  
                 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding - basic
    34,613,497       32,787,673  
                 
Net earnings per common share - diluted
  $ 0.78     $ 0.01  
Non-GAAP net earnings per common share - diluted
  $ -     $ 0.01  
                 
Diluted weighted average number of common shares outstanding
    34,613,497       33,613,346  
 
As used herein, non-GAAP net income represents GAAP net income excluding costs relating to the proxy contest, any adjustment for fair value of warrant liabilities and changes in the Company’s valuation allowances for taxes. As used herein, non-GAAP net earnings per common share is calculated by dividing non-GAAP net income applicable to common shares by the weighted average number of shares outstanding, and where diluted shares are required, adds back the preferred dividend since the conversion of preferred shares are accounted for in the diluted share count.
 
25
 

 

 
For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014, the Company had Adjusted EBITDA of $6,451,311. Reconciliation of net income to Adjusted EBITDA for the years ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 is as follows:
             
   
Year ended June 30,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
Net income
  $ 27,530,652     $ 854,123  
                 
Less interest income
    (30,337 )     (57,121 )
                 
Plus interest expense
    256,844       157,205  
                 
Plus income tax expense (benefit)
    (27,255,398 )     27,646  
                 
Plus depreciation expense
    5,463,985       3,837,174  
                 
Plus amortization expense
    21,953       742,400  
                 
Plus change in fair value of warrant liabilities
    (65,429 )     (267,928 )
                 
Plus stock-based compensation
    529,041       502,907  
                 
Adjusted EBITDA
  $ 6,451,311     $ 5,796,406  
 
As used herein, Adjusted EBITDA represents net income before interest income, interest expense, income taxes, depreciation, amortization, change in fair value of warrant liabilities and stock-based compensation expense. We have excluded the non-operating item, change in fair value of warrant liabilities, because it represents a non-cash charge that is not related to the Company’s operations. We have excluded the non-cash expense, stock-based compensation, as it does not reflect the cash-based operations of the Company. Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure which is not required by or defined under GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles). The presentation of this financial measure is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the financial measures prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP, including the net income or net loss of the Company or net cash used in operating activities. Management recognizes that non-GAAP financial measures have limitations in that they do not reflect all of the items associated with the Company’s net income or net loss as determined in accordance with GAAP, and are not a substitute for or a measure of the Company’s profitability or net earnings. Adjusted EBITDA is presented because we believe it is useful to investors as a measure of comparative operating performance and liquidity, and because it is less susceptible to variances in actual performance resulting from depreciation and amortization and non-cash charges for changes in fair value of warrant liabilities and stock-based compensation expense.
 
26
 

 

 
FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2013 COMPARED TO FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2012
 
Results for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2013 continued to demonstrate significant growth and improvements in the Company’s operations. Highlights of year over year improvements include:
     
 
Total revenue up 24%;
  Recurring license and transaction fee revenue up 29%;
 
ePort Connect service base up 30%;
 
Gross profit dollars up 42%, and
 
Net income of $854,000 (includes $268,000 non-cash income for change in fair value of warrants), from a net loss of ($5.2) million (includes $1.8 million non-cash income for fair value of warrants).
 
Revenues for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2013 were $35,940,244, consisting of $30,044,429 of license and transactions fees and $5,895,815 of equipment sales, compared to $29,017,243 for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2012, consisting of $23,370,754 of license and transaction fees and $5,646,489 of equipment sales. The increase in total revenue of $6,923,001, or 24%, was primarily due to an increase in license and transaction fees of $6,673,675, or 29%, from the prior year, and an increase in equipment sales of $249,326 or 4%, from the prior year.
 
Revenue from license and transaction fees, which represented 84% of total revenue for fiscal 2013, is fueled primarily by monthly ePort Connect® service fees and transaction processing fees. Highlights for fiscal 2013 include:
     
 
50,000 additional net connections to the Company’s ePort Connect service in fiscal 2013 compared to 45,000 for fiscal 2012;
 
As of June 30, 2013, the Company had approximately 214,000 connections to the ePort Connect service compared to approximately 164,000 connections to the ePort Connect service as of June 30, 2012, an increase of approximately 30%;
 
Increases in the number of small-ticket, credit/debit transactions and dollars handled for fiscal 2013 of 26% and 28%, respectively, compared to the same period a year ago; and
 
1,750 ePort Connect customers added in the current fiscal year, up 53% from the prior fiscal year, for 5,050 customers at June 30, 2013.
 
The increase in license and transaction fees was due to the growth in ePort Connect service fees and transaction dollars that stems from the increased number of connections to our ePort Connect service. As of June 30, 2013, the Company had approximately 214,000 connections to the ePort Connect service compared to approximately 164,000 connections to the ePort Connect service as of June 30, 2012. During the year ended June 30, 2013, the Company added approximately 50,000 net connections to our network compared to approximately 45,000 net connections added during the year ended June 30, 2012. Connections added as part of our JumpStart program represented approximately 70% and 65% of net connections added during the 2013 and 2012 fiscal years, respectively.
 
Pursuant to its agreements with customers, in addition to ePort Connect service fees, the Company earns transaction processing fees equal to a percentage of the dollar volume processed by the Company. During the year ended June 30, 2013, the Company processed approximately 129 million transactions totaling approximately $219 million compared to approximately 103 million transactions totaling approximately $171 million during the year ended June 30, 2012, an increase of approximately 26% in the number of transactions and approximately 28% in the value of transactions processed.
 
New customers added to our ePort® Connect service during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2013 totaled 1,750, bringing the total number of such customers to approximately 5,050 as of June 30, 2013. The Company added approximately 1,350 new customers in the year ended June 30, 2012. By comparison, the Company had approximately 3,300 customers as of June 30, 2012, representing a 53% increase during the past twelve months. We count a customer as a new customer upon the signing of their ePort Connect service agreement. When a reseller sells our ePort, we count a customer as a new customer upon the signing of the applicable services agreement with the customer.
 
The $249,326 increase in equipment sales was a result of an increase of approximately $787,000 related to ePort® products, offset by a decrease of approximately $529,000 in Energy Miser products and $9,000 in other products. The $787,000 increase in ePort products is directly attributable to selling more units and an increase in activation fees during the current fiscal year. The $529,000 decrease in Energy Miser products is directly attributable to selling fewer units during the current fiscal year as a result of fewer Energy Miser product promotions.
 
Cost of sales consisted of cost of services for license and transaction fee related costs of $18,219,945 and $15,312,966 and equipment costs of $3,623,686 and $3,743,226, for the years ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. The increase in total cost of sales of $2,787,439, or 15%, was due to an increase in cost of services of $2,906,979 that stemmed from the greater number of connections to the Company’s ePort Connect service and increases in transaction dollars processed by those connections, offset by improvements in pricing from major suppliers. This increase was partially offset by a decrease in cost of equipment sales of $119,540.
 
Gross profit (“GP”) for the year ended June 30, 2013 was $14,096,613 compared to GP of $9,961,051 for the previous fiscal year, an increase of $4,135,562, or 42%, of which $3,766,696 is attributable to license and transaction fees GP and $368,866 of equipment sales GP. Overall gross profit margins increased from 34% to 39% due to an increase in license and transaction fees margins to 39%, from 34% in the prior fiscal year and by an increase in equipment sales margins to 39%, from 34% in the prior fiscal year. Improved license and transaction fee margins are due to increased efficiencies stemming from new/or renegotiated supplier agreements as well as a larger ePort Connect service base, including the VISA agreement described under the section titled “Important Relationships” that was entered into on October 12, 2011.
 
Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses of $12,068,566 for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2013, decreased by $3,392,102 or 22%, from the prior fiscal year. Fiscal 2013 SG&A expenses include $328,000 of expenses related to the fiscal 2012 proxy contest, related litigation and settlement. Included in the $15,460,668 of SG&A expenses during the year ended June 30, 2012 were approximately $975,000 of expenses for the separation of the former CEO from the Company and approximately $2.2 million related to the proxy contest, related litigation and settlement.
 
Exclusive of the two matters described above, SG&A decreased approximately $516,000, or 4%, in fiscal 2013 as compared to fiscal 2012. The overall decrease is comprised of approximately $363,000 for the reversal of sales tax audit assessment accruals estimated in fiscal 2012 that were finalized at a lower amount in fiscal 2013; a $222,000 reduction in employee and director compensation and benefit expenses; and, smaller decreases in several other areas totaling $158,000. These reductions are offset, by a $227,000 increase in sales and marketing expenses for the 2013 fiscal year.
 
Other income and expense for the year ended June 30, 2013, primarily consisted of a $267,928 of non-cash gain for the change in the fair value (“FV”) of the Company’s warrant liabilities. The primary factor affecting the change in fair value is the decrease in the Black-Scholes value (“BSV”) of the warrants from June 30 2012 to June 30 2013. For the year ended June 30, 2012, the Company had a non-cash gain of $1,813,687 for the same warrant liabilities.
 
The fiscal year ended June 30, 2013 resulted in net income of $854,123 compared to a net loss of $5,211,238 for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2012, an improvement of $6,065,361 between fiscal years. After preferred dividends of $664,452 for each fiscal year, net income (loss) applicable to common shareholders was $189,671 and $(5,875,690) for the fiscal years ended 2013 and 2012, respectively. For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2013, net earnings per common share, basic and diluted were $0.01 and $0.01, respectively, compared to the prior fiscal year net loss per common share (basic and diluted) of $(0.18).
 
27
 

 

 
Non-GAAP net income was $914,195 for fiscal 2013, compared to a non-GAAP net loss of $3,820,925 for fiscal 2012. Management believes that non-GAAP net income (loss), non-GAAP net income (loss) applicable to common shares and non-GAAP diluted earnings (loss) per common share are important measures of USAT’s business. Management uses the aforementioned non-GAAP measures to monitor and evaluate ongoing operating results and trends and to gain an understanding of our comparative operating performance. We believe that these non-GAAP financial measures serve as useful metrics for our management and investors because they enable a better understanding of the long-term performance of our core business and facilitate comparisons of our operating results over multiple periods, and when taken together with the corresponding GAAP (United States’ Generally Accepted Accounting Principles) financial measures and our reconciliations, enhance investors’ overall understanding of our current and future financial performance.
 
A reconciliation of net income (loss) to Non-GAAP net income (loss) for the years ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 is as follows:
                 
   
Year ended June 30,
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
Net income (loss)
 
$
854,123
   
$
(5,211,238
)
Non-GAAP adjustments:
               
Operating expenses
               
  Selling, general and administrative:
               
    Proxy related costs
   
328,000
     
2,229,000
 
    CEO Separation
   
-
     
975,000
 
Fair value of warrant adjustment
   
(267,928
)
   
(1,813,687
)
Non-GAAP net income (loss)
 
$
914,195
   
$
(3,820,925
)
                 
Net income (loss)
 
$
854,123
   
$
(5,211,238
)
Non-GAAP net income (loss)
 
$
914,195
   
$
(3,820,925
)
                 
Cumulative preferred dividends
   
(664,452
)
   
(664,452
)
Net income (loss) applicable to common shares
 
$
189,671
   
$
(5,875,690
)
Non-GAAP net income (loss) applicable to common shares
 
$
249,743
   
$
(4,485,377
)
                 
Net earnings (loss) per common share - basic
 
$
0.01
   
$
(0.18
)
Non-GAAP net earnings (loss) per common share - basic
 
$
0.01
   
$
(0.14
)
                 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding
   
32,787,673
     
32,423,987
 
                 
Net earnings (loss) per common share - diluted
 
$
0.01
   
$
(0.18
)
Non-GAAP net earnings (loss) per common share - diluted
 
$
0.01
   
$
(0.14
)
                 
Diluted weighted average number of common shares outstanding
   
33,613,346
     
32,423,987
 
 
As used herein, non-GAAP net income (loss) represents GAAP net income (loss) excluding costs relating to the proxy contest, the costs associated with the separation of the former CEO and any adjustment for fair value of warrant liabilities. As used herein, non-GAAP net earnings (loss) per common share is calculated by dividing non-GAAP net income (loss) applicable to common shares by the weighted average number of shares outstanding, and where diluted shares are required, adds back the preferred dividend since the conversion of preferred shares are accounted for in the diluted share count. 
 
For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2013, the Company had Adjusted EBITDA of $5,796,406. Reconciliation of net income (loss) to Adjusted EBITDA for the years ended June 30, 2013 and 2012 is as follows:
       
   
Year ended June 30,
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
Net income (loss)
 
$
854,123
   
$
(5,211,238
)
                 
Less interest income
   
(57,121
)
   
(72,059
)
                 
Plus interest expense
   
157,205
     
83,993
 
                 
Plus income tax expense
   
27,646
     
12,599
 
                 
Plus depreciation expense
   
3,837,174
     
2,443,054
 
                 
Plus amortization expense
   
742,400
     
997,900
 
                 
Plus (gain)/loss for change in fair value of warrant liabilities
   
(267,928
)
   
(1,813,687
)
                 
Plus stock-based compensation
   
502,907
     
782,100
 
                 
Adjusted EBITDA income (loss)
 
$
5,796,406
   
$
(2,777,338
)
 
28
 

 

 
As used herein, Adjusted EBITDA represents net income (loss) before interest income, interest expense, income taxes, depreciation, amortization, change in fair value of warrant liabilities, stock-based compensation expense, and impairment expense on intangible assets. We have excluded the non-operating item, change in fair value of warrant liabilities, because it represents a non-cash charge that is not related to the Company’s operations. We have excluded the non-cash expenses, stock-based compensation, and impairment expense, as they do not reflect the cash-based operations of the Company. Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure which is not required by or defined under GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles). The presentation of this financial measure is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the financial measures prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP, including the net income or net loss of the Company or net cash used in operating activities. Management recognizes that non-GAAP financial measures have limitations in that they do not reflect all of the items associated with the Company’s net income or net loss as determined in accordance with GAAP, and are not a substitute for or a measure of the Company’s profitability or net earnings. Adjusted EBITDA is presented because we believe it is useful to investors as a measure of comparative operating performance and liquidity, and because it is less susceptible to variances in actual performance resulting from depreciation and amortization and non-cash charges for changes in fair value of warrant liabilities and stock-based compensation expense.
 
29
 

 

 
 
 
FISCAL QUARTER ENDED JUNE 30, 2014 COMPARED TO FISCAL QUARTER ENDED JUNE 30, 2013
 
Results for the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2014 continued to demonstrate growth and improvements in the Company’s operations as compared to the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2013. Highlights of year over year improvements include:  
 
         ●
Recurring license and transaction fee revenue up 16% to $9 million; and
         ●
Total connections to its ePort Connect service as of June 30, 2014 up 24% as compared to June 30, 2013.
 
Revenues for the quarter ended June 30, 2014 were $11,207,460, consisting of $9,460,303 of license and transactions fees and $1,747,157 of equipment sales, compared to $9,684,842 for the quarter ended June 30, 2013, consisting of $8,172,243 of license and transaction fees and $1,512,599 of equipment sales. The increase in total revenue of $1,522,618, or 16%, was primarily due to an increase in license and transaction fees of $1,288,060, or 16%, from the prior year quarter, and an increase in equipment sales of $234,558 or 16%, from the same period in the prior year.
 
Revenue from license and transaction fees, which represented 84% of total revenue for the quarter ended June 30, 2014, is primarily attributable to monthly ePort Connect® service fees and transaction processing fees. Highlights for the quarter ended June 30, 2014 include:
 
         ●
Adding 22,000 net connections to our service compared to 18,000 net connections added in the same quarter of Fiscal 2013;
         ●
Increases in the number of small-ticket, credit/debit transactions and dollars handled in the fourth quarter of 29% and 32%, respectively, compared to the same period a year ago; and
         ●
ePort Connect customer base grew 45% from June 30, 2013.
 
The increase in license and transaction fees was due to the growth in ePort Connect service fees and transaction dollars handled from the increased number of connections to our ePort Connect service due to increased sales and/or rentals to our customers . As of June 30, 2014, the Company had approximately 266,000 connections to the ePort Connect service compared to approximately 214,000 connections to the ePort Connect service as of June 30, 2013. During the quarter ended June 30, 2014, the Company added approximately 22,000 net connections to our network as compared to approximately 18,000 net connections during the quarter ended June 30, 2013.
 
Pursuant to its agreements with customers, in addition to ePort Connect service fees, the Company earns transaction processing fees equal to a percentage of the dollar volume processed by the Company. During the quarter ended June 30, 2014, the Company processed approximately 47 million transactions totaling approximately $83 million compared to approximately 36 million transactions totaling approximately $63 million during the quarter ended June 30, 2013, an increase of approximately 29% and 32% in the number of transactions and the value of transactions processed, respectively.
 
New customers added to our ePort® Connect service during the quarter ended June 30, 2014 totaled 650, bringing the total number of customers to approximately 7,300 as of June 30, 2014. The Company added approximately 525 new customers in the quarter ended June 30, 2013. By comparison, the Company had approximately 5,050 customers as of June 30, 2013, representing a 45% increase during the past twelve months. The Company views the total installed base of machines managed by its customers that have yet to transition to cashless payment, as a key strategic opportunity for future growth in connections. We count a customer as a new customer upon the signing of their ePort Connect service agreement. When a reseller sells our ePort, we count a customer as a new customer upon the signing of the applicable services agreement with the customer.
 
The $234,558 increase in equipment sales was a result of an increase of approximately $326,000 in our ePort® products, offset by a decrease of approximately $59,000 in our Energy Miser products and by a decrease of approximately $32,000, net, in other products. The $326,000 increase in ePort® products is directly attributable to selling more units during the quarter ended June 30, 2014 than during the quarter ended June 30, 2013.
 
Cost of sales consisted of cost of services for network and transaction fee related costs of $6,327,432 and $5,139,129 and equipment costs of $1,217,884 and $874,901, for the quarters ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The increase in total cost of sales of $1,531,286, or 25% was due to an increase in cost of services of $1,188,303 and an increase in equipment costs of $342,983. The increase in cost of services was predominantly related to increases in the number of connections to our ePort Connect service network and increases in transaction processing volume. The increase in equipment costs is attributable to selling more units during the quarter ended June 30, 2014 compared to the quarter end June 30, 2013.
 
Gross profit (“GP”) for the quarter ended June 30, 2014 was $3,662,144 compared to GP of $3,670,812 for the previous corresponding quarter, a decrease of $8,668, of which $99,757 represents increased GP for license and transaction fees, offset by a decrease of $108,425 of equipment sales GP. Overall gross profit margins decreased from 38% to 33% for the quarter ended June 30, 2014 due to a decline in license and transaction fees margins to 33% from 37% in the prior year and a decline in equipment sales margins to 30% from 42% in the prior year. License and transaction fee margins decreased due to the impact of certain new JumpStart connections associated with grace periods under sales incentives as well as deactivations primarily from one large customer during the 2014 fiscal year. For the new connections associated with the grace periods, the Company incurred costs without receiving the associated monthly service fees. The decrease in equipment sales margins was mainly due to certain sales incentives.
 
Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses of $4,067,804 for the quarter ended June 30, 2014 increased $917,268, or 29%, from the same quarter in the prior fiscal year. Fiscal 2013 SG&A expenses included benefits of approximately $250,000: $150,000 for the reversal of sales tax audit assessment accruals recorded in fiscal 2012 that were finalized at a lower amount in fiscal 2013, and $100,000 for third-party contractual reimbursement for previously expensed product development costs. Outside of these assessment accruals and expenses reversed in our fourth quarter a year ago, SG&A expenses increased approximately $670,000 predominantly attributable to increases of approximately $413,000 in employee and director compensation and benefits expenses; $107,000 in professional services; and numerous, smaller net increases in other expenses totaling $150,000. Approximately $223,000 of the $413,000 increase in employee and director compensation and benefits expenses predominantly related to expanding our base of employees; and, the remaining $190,000 of the compensation increase mostly related to sales commissions and bonuses for connections added in our fourth fiscal quarter of 2014 as well as year-end bonus accruals related to performance-based compensation arrangements.
 
Other income and expense for the quarter ended June 30, 2014, primarily consisted of $541,502 as our provision for deferred income taxes. Also included is $53,125 of non-cash gain for the change in the fair value of the Company’s warrant liabilities. The primary factor affecting the change in fair value is the decrease in the Black-Scholes value of the warrants from March 31, 2014 to June 30, 2014, which factored in the increase in the Company’s stock price as well as a decrease in its volatility during that period.
 
The quarter ended June 30, 2014 resulted in a net loss of $38,719 compared to net income of $1,677,168 for the quarter ended June 30, 2013. For the quarter ended June 30, 2014, net loss per common share (basic and diluted), was $0.00 compared to the quarter ended June 30, 2013 net earnings per common share (basic and diluted) of $0.05.
 
Non-GAAP net loss was $91,844, compared to non-GAAP net income of $159,784 for the quarters ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Management believes that non-GAAP net income (loss) is an important measures of USAT’s business. Management uses non-GAAP measures to monitor and evaluate ongoing operating results and trends and to gain an understanding of our comparative operating performance. We believe that these non-GAAP financial measures serve as useful metrics for our management and investors because they enable a better understanding of the long-term performance of our core business and facilitate comparisons of our operating results over multiple periods, and when taken together with the corresponding GAAP financial measures and our reconciliations, enhance investors’ overall understanding of our current and future financial performance.
 
30
 

 

 
Reconciliation of net income (loss) to Non-GAAP net income (loss) for the quarters ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 is as follows:  
 
   
Three months ended June 30,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
Net income (loss)
  $ (38,719 )   $ 1,677,168  
Non-GAAP adjustments:
               
Fair value of warrant adjustment
    (53,125 )     (1,517,384 )
Non-GAAP net income (loss)
  $ (91,844 )   $ 159,784  
                 
Net income (loss)
  $ (38,719 )   $ 1,677,168  
Non-GAAP net income (loss)
  $ (91,844 )   $ 159,784  
                 
Cumulative preferred dividends
    -       -  
Net income (loss) applicable to common shares
  $ (38,719 )   $ 1,677,168  
Non-GAAP net income (loss) applicable to common shares
  $ (91,844 )   $ 159,784  
                 
Net earnings (loss) per common share - basic
  $ -     $ 0.05  
Non-GAAP net earnings (loss) per common share - basic
  $ -     $ -  
                 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding - basic
    35,517,099       33,080,641  
                 
Net earnings (loss) per common share - diluted
  $ -     $ 0.05  
Non-GAAP net earnings (loss) per common share - diluted
  $ -     $ -  
Diluted weighted average number of common shares outstanding
    35,517,099       34,115,444  
 
As used herein, non-GAAP net income (loss) represents GAAP net income (loss) excluding costs relating to any adjustment for fair value of warrant liabilities and changes in the Company’s valuation allowances for taxes. As used herein, non-GAAP diluted earnings (loss) per common share is calculated by dividing non-GAAP net income (loss) applicable to common shares by the diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding.
 
For the quarter ended June 30, 2014, the Company had an Adjusted EBITDA of $1,266,225. Reconciliation of net income (loss) to Adjusted EBITDA for the quarters ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 is as follows:
 
   
Three months ended June 30,
 
   
2014
   
2013
 
Net income (loss)
  $ (38,719 )   $ 1,677,168  
                 
Less interest income
    (8,995 )     (4,212 )
                 
Plus interest expense
    74,529       47,804  
                 
Plus income tax expense (benefit)
    (541,501 )     6,911  
                 
Plus depreciation expense
    1,553,875       1,094,978  
                 
Plus amortization expense
    -       185,600  
                 
Plus change in fair value of warrant liabilities
    (53,125 )     (1,517,384 )
                 
Plus stock-based compensation
    280,161       133,674  
                 
Adjusted EBITDA
  $ 1,266,225     $ 1,624,539  
 
As used herein, Adjusted EBITDA represents net income (loss) before interest income, interest expense, income taxes, depreciation, amortization, change in fair value of warrant liabilities and stock-based compensation expense. We have excluded the non-operating item, change in fair value of warrant liabilities, because it represents a non-cash gain (charge) that is not related to the Company’s operations. We have excluded the non-cash expenses, stock-based compensation as it does not reflect the cash-based operations of the Company. Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure which is not required by or defined under GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles). The presentation of this financial measure is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the financial measures prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP, including the net income or net loss of the Company or net cash used in operating activities. Management recognizes that non-GAAP financial measures have limitations in that they do not reflect all of the items associated with the Company’s net income or net loss as determined in accordance with GAAP, and are not a substitute for or a measure of the Company’s profitability or net earnings. Adjusted EBITDA is presented because we believe it is useful to investors as a measure of comparative operating performance and liquidity, and because it is less susceptible to variances in actual performance resulting from depreciation and amortization and non-cash charges for changes in fair value of warrant liabilities and stock-based compensation expense.
 
31
 

 

 
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES 
 
For the year ended June 30, 2014, net cash provided by operating activities was $7,085,400 as a result of net income of $27,530,652, non-cash net benefit of $21,220,722 and net cash provided by the change in operating assets and liabilities of $775,470. Of the $21,220,722 of non-cash activities, the most significant during fiscal year 2014 was the benefit for income taxes of $27,301,266. In addition to the benefit for income taxes, there was a small benefit related to the decrease in the fair value of warrant liabilities, offset by charges related to depreciation and amortization of assets, and the vesting and issuance of common stock for employee and director compensation. The cash used in the $775,470 change in the Company’s operating assets and liabilities was the result of decreases in inventory and finance receivables and increases in liabilities offset by increases in accounts receivable and prepaid expenses and other assets.
 
During the year ended June 30, 2014, the Company used $7,917,452 in investing activities of which $10,883,473 related to the purchase of equipment for the JumpStart Program, including approximately $869,000 for the change in JumpStart equipment on hand in the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014 and $2,995,095 related to the proceeds received under the sale-leaseback transactions. Approximately 60% of gross new connections added during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2014 were from our JumpStart program.
 
The Company obtained net cash of $3,923,372 through financing activities, $2,000,000 of which are from the Line of Credit, cash proceeds of $2,361,956 from warrant exercises, and $24,847 from excess tax benefits from share-based compensation, offset by $374,411 related to repayment of debt and $89,020 related to cancellation of common stock by our executive officers to satisfy income tax liability due in connection with common stock awards.
 
We experienced losses from inception through June 30, 2012, with net income for the year ended June 30, 2013 and net income continuing through the year ended June 30, 2014.  Based upon earnings performance that the Company has achieved currently and in the recent past along with its belief that such performance will continue into future years, the Company, during the 2014 fiscal year, has determined that it is more likely than not that a substantial portion of its deferred tax assets will be realized and has reduced $26,713,897 of its valuation allowances recorded in prior periods. Our accumulated deficit through June 30, 2014 is composed of cumulative losses amounting to approximately $170,770,000, preferred dividends converted to common stock of approximately $2,690,000, and charges incurred for the open-market purchases of preferred stock of approximately $150,000.
 
As a result of the continued growth in connections to our ePort Connect service that has resulted in the strong growth in recurring revenue from license and transaction fees and the improvement in GP dollars, the operating activities of the business are now providing cash to fund operations of the Company.
 
Adjusted EBITDA for the year ended June 30, 2014 was $6,451,311 compared to $5,796,406 for the prior fiscal year. The Company reports Adjusted EBITDA to reflect the liquidity of operations and a measure of operational cash flow. Adjusted EBITDA excludes significant non-cash charges such as depreciation, amortization of intangibles, fair value warrant liability changes, stock-based compensation from net income and changes to the Company’s valuation allowances for taxes. We believe that, provided there are no unusual or unanticipated material non-operational expenses, achieving positive Adjusted EBITDA is sustainable, a